Pill (contraceptive pill)

The pill is considered - if taken correctly - as the safest way to prevent pregnancy. It is usually well tolerated and thus there are rarely side effects. Although the pill is often taken over years, some women have uncertainties: What happens if I forget a pill? Am I protected even if I take antibiotics? And what do I have to consider if I want to sell the pill? We answer the most important questions about the pill.

The pill - the safest contraceptive

Pill, Condom, Spiral or Diaphragm: The selection of different contraceptives is great. By far the most popular contraceptive is birth control pills. More than 50 percent of German women decide on the pill to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

This is mainly because it is considered particularly safe: Of the 100 women taking the pill, statistically less than one becomes pregnant. For comparison: When using a condom, the number of unwanted pregnancies is between two and twelve percent. However, a condom also protects against sexually transmitted diseases - so it is best used in combination with the pill.

Effect of birth control pills

The pill contains artificially produced sex hormones that affect the body functions that are important for conception and pregnancy. Depending on the product, birth control pills contain either only progestins or a combination of estrogens and progestins. The artificially applied hormones develop a regular cycle.

Taking the pill causes the body to be faked. This signalizes that no further oocyte has to mature or is allowed to nest in the uterus. The progestagens contained in the pill also thicken the mucous plug on the cervix and create a natural barrier against sperm.

Take the pill properly

If the birth control pill is re-prescribed for the first time or after a break, it will start on the first day of the menstrual period. If it is a common combination, the pill is taken for 21 days before a break of seven days. In the case of a mini-pill, on the other hand, the intake takes place without interruption.

The pill should be taken every day at the same time as possible. For combination preparations, the intake can be exceeded by a maximum of twelve hours, without the contraceptive effect wears off. For some mini-pills, however, the time window is much smaller.

If you are traveling to a country that is in a different time zone, you should continue to take the pill every 24 hours. Take the tablet on holiday so at a different time than usual according to the respective time difference. At home, the time of taking in is the same as before the holiday.

Who will pay the costs

Who takes the cost of birth control pills depends on the age of the woman as well as the indication. In general, the costs for the pill are fully covered by the statutory health insurance in women under 18 years of age. For women between 18 and 20 years, the health insurance also covers the costs, but it is a surcharge payable. This amounts to ten percent of the costs, but at least five and no more than ten euros.

In the case of privately insured women, the health insurance company usually does not contribute to the cost of the pill - they have to bear the costs themselves regardless of their age. Even legally insured women have to pay the pill from the age of 20 years. Exceptions, however, apply to those who take the pill not primarily for contraception but for medical reasons. Here, the costs can be taken over the age of 20 from the health insurance.

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