When it tweaks and twists on muscles and joints, massages and heat treatments are often helpful. But muscular problems are not the only ailments that can be treated with the help of physical therapy. Physical Therapy is a branch of physiotherapy that summarizes medical treatments based on physical methods. In addition to massages and thermal therapies, these include DC, infrared and UV light treatments, water treatments and other mechanical treatments such as lymphatic drainage.
Physiotherapists and rehabilitation physicians
According to the definition of German continuing education regulations for physicians, physical and rehabilitative medicine "includes secondary prevention, detection, specialized diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of diseases, injuries and their consequences with the methods of physical therapy, manual therapy, naturopathic and balneotherapy and climatotherapy as well as the design of the rehabilitation plan ".
Specialists in physical and rehabilitative medicine mostly work in rehabilitation clinics. The training period is 5 years and includes 3 years in this field and one year in internal medicine and surgery. Physiotherapists can be found not only in rehab facilities, but also in their own practices and therapy centers. Here patients are treated on an outpatient basis.
Who gets Physical Therapy?
Physical therapies are used whenever pain or functional limitations have occurred due to overloading, as a result of wear and tear, after surgery, or after serious injury such as an accident or stroke. With the help of physical therapies the normal function should be restored, the patient should be relieved of pain, mobility and quality of life should be improved. Improving circulation and nutrient supply to various tissues increases responsiveness and overall physical fitness.
As part of a therapeutic catalog of measures Physical Therapy is usually taken over by the health insurance companies. This also applies to the measures that are used by general practitioners outside the hospital and at spa facilities.
Active and passive
Physical therapy distinguishes between active and passive measures. Among the active measures in which the person concerned has to make an important contribution of their own are physiotherapy, exercise therapy and respiratory therapy. The passive measures include, among others, balneotherapy (psoriasis, for example), electrotherapy, heat packs, ultrasound therapy and much more.