More than 30 vitamins and trace elements, 100 to 180 milligrams of potassium and many other valuable minerals such as phosphorus, calcium, magnesium or iron carries an average sized apple in and under its shell. It consists of 85 percent water and has only about 60 kilocalories. It is good for teeth and intestines, grape and fructose quickly provide energy.
20, 000 apple varieties worldwide
The statisticians know it again: 17 kilos of that fruit, which led to the Trojan War as a golden bone of contention, every German eats every year. Eleven liters of apple juice run annually through German throats. Worldwide there are 20, 000 apple varieties, but only a fraction, about 1, 000, grow in Germany. And only four common apple varieties cover around 70 percent of the European apple market. Around 945, 000 tonnes of apples were harvested in the Federal Republic last year.
The large-scale apple-growing, as we know it today, the Romans introduced, because they mastered the art of grafting, a refining method. Originally from Asia, probably the Caucasus and Himalayas. Since the 6th century, apples have been deliberately grown in Central Europe; since the 16th century, the apple then became an asset and in the 19th century, the targeted breeding began.
Apples have a high nutritional value
"An apple a day keeps the doctor away." Translated this famous saying is about "One apple a day - doctor saved!". In fact, there is a lot of nutritional value in the fruit with the misleading Latin name "Malus", to German evil, suffering and evil. The apple contains more than 30 minerals and trace elements, especially potassium, which regulates the water balance, and iron. Due to the many different fruit acids, it is considered a so-called toothbrush of nature. What he is good at - he regulates bowel activity. It contains important vitamins like
- Provitamin A
- Vitamins B1, B2, B6, E and C
- Niacin and folic acid
An important ingredient is pectin, which lowers cholesterol levels, binds pollutants and replenishes them. Scientific research also suggests that apple eaters are less likely to suffer from bronchial and lung diseases. This is attributed to the secondary plant substances in the apple, the so-called catechins. The flavonoids and carotenoids contained in the fruit appear to reduce the risk of cancer and have an antioxidant effect in the organism.
Vitamins sit in the shell
Right! Up to 70 percent of the vitamins are in apple peel or directly below it. Who peels apples, so also peels off the vitamins. The shell is also rich in iron, magnesium, unsaturated fats and bioactive substances. Between 5 and 35 milligrams of vitamin C - depending on the variety - are in the shell. And even the core case is still valuable: it contains iodine.
Important for apple tree owners: Fruits that hang in the sun contain significantly more vitamins than those that grow in the shade. Thanks to the abundant vitamins in the apple, this can also be suitable as part of a diet.
Apples: Highly sprayed fruit
Here you bite into the proverbial sour apple. Fungal diseases such as apple scab or apple downy mildew and parasites such as the codling moth significantly increase Braeburn, Gala, Golden Delicoius, Jonagold and Granny Smith and all other relatives. For a secured yield the fruit growers often only the grip to chemical means. According to information from the Centrale Marketing-Gesellschaft der deutschen Agrarwirtschaft (CMA), "any residues remain well below the specified limits".
By simply washing with water and rubbing with a towel, both large parts of the deposits of environmental pollutants from the air and residues from pest and disease control can be easily eliminated. If you want to be absolutely sure you should opt for organic apples. In organic farming, the use of synthetic pesticides is prohibited. Fungal diseases may, however, be combated with copper and sulfur preparations. Benefits or attractants replace the control of harmful insects by insecticides.
The apple is an old home remedy
And what a thing! The apple is the home remedy for diarrhea when eating a raw, grated apple. Apple Cider Vinegar relieves throat and throat inflammation by swallowing 1 glass of hot water, 1 tablespoon of honey and 1 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar in sips. Or you eat a roasted apple with honey - helps with hoarseness. An apple at bedtime prevents sleep disturbances, an apple in the morning helps to wake up. Morning sickness is avoided by eating an apple before getting up.
- If you are nervous, you should prepare apple tea: sliced an unpeeled apple, doused with a liter of boiling water and allowed to steep for two hours, results in an apple fruit tea.
- For a pure and delicate skin you should try the apple mask: A peeled apple is rubbed and stirred with a little honey, leave the mixture to act for up to 20 minutes and wash gently.
- And last but not least - the apple cleans the teeth: The apple has a strong cleansing effect on the teeth with its fruit acids and fibers and therefore works just as well as a chewing gum for cleaning teeth in between.