Earache: what to do?

What to do if you have earache?

The treatment of earache always depends on the cause of the pain. In order to avoid permanent damage to the ear, you should always consult a doctor in case of earache.

Since earache is caused by bacteria in most cases, they are often treated with antibiotics. These are dripped directly into the ear so that they can fight the bacteria in their place of action. In addition to the antibiotics, analgesic ear drops can also be used.

Treat earache properly

If the ear pain caused by an inflammation of the auricle, the inflammation is treated externally by ointments or creams.

If the ear canal is blocked by a foreign body or earwax plug, it must be removed by the doctor. An earwax plug can either be rinsed out or sucked out with a nipple.

In some cases, an external treatment by ear drops or ointments is not enough: In case of a middle ear infection, it may happen, for example, that the eardrum must be opened so that the pus can flow out of the middle ear.

As a rule, injuries to the eardrum heal itself within two weeks, but an external splinting of the eardrum can support the healing process. If a hole in the eardrum does not heal within two months, an artificial eardrum can be used by surgery.

Home remedies for earache: not always suitable

Earache can be treated well not only with medication, but also with home remedies. However, with all home remedies, it should be noted that not every application is helpful for all causes. Therefore, you should always consult with the treating physician before using home remedies.

Because if earache is not treated or mistreated, it can - depending on the cause - have serious consequences, such as a long-term loss of hearing, facial paralysis or meningitis.

4 home remedies for earache

We've put together a few well-known home remedies for the treatment of earache:

  • Cut an onion into small pieces, place it in a handkerchief and slowly crush the onion until the tissue has been soaked in juice. Then lay the handkerchief on the diseased ear for half an hour. Alternatively, you can wrap hot, mashed potatoes in a tissue and place them on the aching ear.
  • Chop the parsley into small pieces, place them in a cloth and place it on the diseased ear. There you should leave the parsley for at least half an hour.
  • Irradiate the aching ear with red light: The distance to the ear should be at least 50 centimeters and the irradiation should take place over a period of 10 minutes. However, if there is an inflammation of the ear canal, this home remedy should not be used, since the ear must be cooled in this case.
  • Mix fresh mustard flour with some warm water to a paste and spread it on a cloth. Place the cloth behind the aching ear for about 15 minutes. Such an envelope should be used at most once a day and should be immediately removed if it burns on the skin.

5 facts about earache - © tung256

Prevent earache

Earache can not be prevented, but with some tips and tricks you can significantly reduce the risk of ear pain.

To prevent earache, the proper care of the ear is particularly crucial. It is important that you do not use cotton buds to clean your ears, as this will either remove too much earwax or compress it into a hard graft.

Likewise, the ear should not be cleaned with hard or sharp objects, as these can lead to injuries in the ear. Since the ear canal usually cleans itself, it is sufficient to gently clean the auricle with a damp cloth.

Protecting the ears from irritation and germs

If you go swimming frequently, you should wear a swimming cap or ear plugs to protect the ears. Because the ear canal skin is irritated by the chlorine in the bath water. In addition, water in the ears allows bacteria to penetrate faster. Therefore, after showering or swimming, gently pat your ears dry with a soft cloth.

Use earplugs as noise protection, so be careful not to press the plugs too tightly into the ear and change the plugs regularly. Otherwise, germs can multiply on the stoppers and reach the ear the next time they are worn.

Avoid earache on the plane

If you are exposed to major air pressure changes, such as when flying or diving, decongestant nasal sprays can help balance pressure in the ear. Also chewing gum chewing, conscious swallowing as well as exhaling against the locked nose can be helpful. If you have a bad cold, you better not fly or dive.

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