The immune system of a neurodermatitis reacts disproportionately to external stimuli due to a pathological genetic predisposition. The place where this overreaction becomes visible is the skin.
A chronic skin disease
Neurodermatitis or atopic dermatitis is often chronic, with recurrent relapses after periods of relative skin health with tormenting, mentally distressing itching and dry, flaky and inflamed skin. Many environmental factors that aggravate the symptoms of the disease are well known. However, representative studies that examine the importance of each factor have so far been lacking. Therefore, JR Williams and his colleagues interviewed schoolchildren from Wales, aged 12 to 14 years, for a total of 19 environmental factors to affect the severity of the symptoms (British Journal of Dermatology 2004; 150: 1154-1161). A total of 2501 students participated in the survey, 250 of whom suffered from atopic dermatitis.
Environmental factors: sweating, hot weather and clothes
Sweating, for example in school sports, gave most adolescents (41.8%) the trigger for a disease spurt, followed by hot weather (40%) and textiles (39.1%). 22.2% steroid creams and 16.4% moisturizers had a symptom-reducing effect. Nearly 60% of adolescents responded that the diet had no effect on the severity of the disease. According to the authors, it can not be deduced from the study to what extent the individual factors influence the symptoms of atopic dermatitis. "However, it does provide information about which triggers the affected people even perceive as significant for their disease, " the conclusion.
The A and O: a consistent skin care
A central and accompanying measure in the treatment of atopic dermatitis is a consistent skin care, both in existing eczema and in the aftercare. Eczema sufferers who regularly moisturize their skin with appropriate skin care products are less prone to relapse and their skin becomes less inflamed. In addition, skin care creams soothe the itching and improve the barrier function of the diseased skin. A suitable care preparation should provide the skin of a neurodermatitis with lipid-rich and moisturizing substances. In addition, it should be free of allergens. Amongst others, creams and skincare series containing the substances urea and evening primrose oil have proven to be successful. Urea is one of the natural moisture factors of the skin and increases the hydration content of the horny layer. Evening primrose oil normalizes the hydrolipid coat of damaged skin and enhances its ability to bind moisture and lipids. The benefits and efficacy of a complex of urea and evening primrose oil have been demonstrated in numerous studies.