Chiropractic belongs together with osteopathy to the so-called manual therapies. Among them are summarized various therapeutic directions that treat diseases and dysfunctions only with the help of the hands (lat .: manus = hand). Both techniques did not originally belong to the "classical natural remedies", but were developed around the same time at the end of the 19th century in the USA.
Philosophy: What is Chiropractic?
Chiropractic (Greek: cheir = hand) assumes that almost all physical ailments can be traced back to malpositions or blockages of joints. These should not only be the cause of back or headaches, but also for diseases such as hypertension, asthma, middle ear infections, hiccups or herpes infections. According to the chiropractors, many diseases can be treated by eliminating impaired joint function.
Joint blockades: symptoms
The following symptoms may indicate joint blockage of the spine:
- back pain
- Neck and headache
- Chest pain
- Disorders of respiratory function
- shoulder pain
- chronic ear noises
- blurred vision
The far-reaching effect of joint blockages is explained by reflex arches, that is, nerve connections that run from the joint through the spine to the diseased organs. Scientifically, this theory is not proven yet. Only in the treatment of movement restrictions in the area of the spine is chiropractic compliant with conventional medicine.
Cause of blockages
In fact, a "stiff" neck or lumbar pain can often be traced back to blockages in the joints between the vertebral bodies. For a long time, it has been assumed that vertebrae are "dislocated" in the case of back complaints.
Today, however, it is clear that behind blocked joints actually hardened and tense muscles stuck. The muscle tension leads to nerve irritation, which on the one hand maintain the muscle tension, on the other hand radiate into the environment. Therefore, a strained neck can also cause shoulder discomfort, headache, dizziness or blurred vision.
The chiropractor can solve the blockage by a deliberate jolt or a small turn. The nerve stimulus is interrupted for a short moment, the muscle tension decreases and the joint becomes free. The therapist actually only exerts a very minimal force impulse on the joint. Nevertheless, it can "crack" in the manipulation clearly audible in the bone connections.
Similarly, the chiropractor treats pain radiating from the knee, elbow, or hip joints. However, the chiropractic manipulation of the spine is completely free of risks. Above all, the treatment should only be carried out by a well-trained therapist because of the risks associated with it.
Cost of Chiropractic
The health insurance company pays the costs if the therapy is carried out by a contract doctor with appropriate additional training.