Multidrug-resistant germs - a danger for everyone?
Multidrug-resistant germs are no more aggressive than their relatives without protection, and they trigger the same diseases. What makes them dangerous is that they are very difficult to get rid of. This is all the more so as they often infect patients in the hospital, who often also suffer from a defensive weakness.
Which germs are multi-resistant?
So far, different germs are relevant worldwide. For example, in Central and Eastern Europe, if pneumococci resistant to penicillin cause severe pneumonia, such infections can still be treated well in Germany.
In Germany, for example, the following pathogens are problematic:
- some staphylococci that cause sepsis and pneumonia
- Enterococci involved in renal, biliary and peritonitis
- certain pathogens that may be relevant to hospital-acquired lung, abdominal or renal infections
MRSA bacteria often play a role in the clinic. These "methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains" are a resistant species of Staphylococcus aureus, a normal colon, neck and colon colonizer.
He thus becomes a problem germ, that he is resistant to methicillin (a Penicillinabkömmling) and against many other antibiotics and thus difficult to treat, for example, in wound infections. For healthy people with normal endogenous defense MRSA bacteria are not contagious.
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have also played an increasing role in hospital infections in recent years.
Germ control - hope for healing?
It is almost certain: With every new drug, the bacteria will come up with new defense mechanisms. At least the development can be controlled.
The following measures are recognized worldwide by physicians, microbiologists and hygienists, so that antibiotics can still have their beneficial effects in ten years:
- strict hygiene measures especially in hospitals, nursing homes and retirement homes
- limited and targeted prescriptions of antibiotics, responsible treatment of patients with the prescribed drugs
- Restriction of antibiotics z. B. in animal husbandry
Copper against germs?
In addition, there are always interesting discoveries that show additional ways of fighting infection.
This shows, for example, that copper kills germs and thus effectively stops the spread of multi-resistant bacteria. A Hamburg clinic had installed door handles, door panels and copper light switches in two stations for several months - the number of germs on these was more than a third lower than on the usual stainless steel fittings.