The disease multiple sclerosis is not easily cured, so the therapy is mainly the symptoms treated. The aim of MS therapy is to alleviate the complaints of those affected. This involves causing signs of a nag to disappear, slowing the progression of the disease and avoiding complications.
Medicines for MS
When and why which drugs and medications can help is different:
- Some medications are given as a preventive measure in MS to reduce the incidence and severity of relapses. With such a long-term therapy, the immune defense is suppressed and thus also the autoimmune reaction underlying MS. These are what are known as immune modulators (interferon, glatiramine acetate), which are injected into the muscle or under the skin. If multiple sclerosis progresses, in the next step low-dose cytostatics or immunoglobulins are given via the vein, which also restrain the immune reactions.
- In acute onset glucocorticoids such as cortisone are given as an infusion. In more severe cases, additional blood washing (plasmapheresis) or the drug mitoxantrone, which inhibits cell division and cell growth, are used.
- Unspecific symptoms such as pain, increased muscle tension (spasticity), emptying disorders of the bladder or bowel and depression are treated with the appropriate active ingredients.
Supportive measures in MS therapy
For therapy in MS also accompanying measures such as the perception of physiotherapy and occupational therapy in order to maintain the mobility as long as possible and avoid complications such as kidney or pneumonia. In addition, psychotherapy can help those affected to better master their lives with MS.
Alternative treatment methods such as certain diets, acupuncture, homeopathy, meditation, relaxation procedures or craniosacral therapy can be used concomitantly with MS therapy; the scientific proof of effectiveness is largely missing.