Throbbing in the head, nausea, vomiting and temporary depression - a third of all women suffer from migraine. According to scientific findings, variations in hormone levels through the female cycle may in part play a role in migraine among women. In some women, migraine disappears at the onset of menopause, but in some people the symptoms of migraine also get worse during menopause.
Causes of migraine during menopause
As with migraine in general, especially in migraine during menopause can not be clearly stated what causes the often agonizing pain in migraine. For one, fluctuations in hormone levels can upset the delicate balance in the brain and thereby promote migraine. On the other hand, previous illnesses, age-related wear of the cervical spine or depression can lead to migraine during menopause.
First, it is important to find causes of migraine during menopause. If the signs are due to another illness, this should be treated first. In most cases, the headaches can be treated well or they disappear by themselves.
The treatment is more difficult if no specific causes for migraine during menopause are found. Since older people often suffer from other diseases, treatment for migraine must be individually tailored. There are no special therapies for the elderly.
Treatment for moderate and severe attacks
Painkillers can help with moderate and severe migraine attacks. Today, doctors have a whole range of substances at their disposal that can counteract both headache and the concomitant symptoms of migraine.
These include, for example, triptans. However, these have the disadvantage that under certain circumstances they can narrow the vessels. For people who suffer from coronary heart disease or circulatory disorders, they may therefore be unsuitable. In any case, talk to the doctor about the intake or about an alternative treatment.
Treatment for mild migraine attacks
If the sufferer only occasionally suffers from migraine during menopause or the individual attacks are not very strong, migraine affected women can try to get along without medication. Often, simple measures to relieve the pain - such as rest in a darkened room or cooling compresses. Magnesium tablets can also be considered as they have an antispasmodic effect.
Caution is needed in hormone replacement therapy: Hormone preparations, as prescribed to women with severe symptoms during menopause, according to a study by the Harvard Medical School in Boston migraine even worse, and in some cases even cause.
Alternatively, an attempt can be made to compensate for the hormone deficiency caused by the menopause by phytohormones. These replacement hormones are found in some plants and herbs and can sometimes help relieve migraines. These phytohormones include, for example:
- Chaste Tree
- Wild yams
- sprouted fenugreek
- Papaya seeds