Sudden headache attacks, sensitivity to light and noise, nausea and vomiting - around a quarter of all women have already suffered from migraine attacks during their lifetime. Experts estimate that every day about 300, 000 people in Germany with migraine in bed. Depending on their age, women are affected up to three times more frequently. While the numbers of males and females are about the same before adolescence and those over 75 years of age, significantly more women suffer from symptoms of migraine than men in those years.
Migraine in women: menstruation one of the causes
The conclusion that this inequality is due to the onset of sexual maturation hormone fluctuations is obvious. In fact, about ten percent of women have a close connection between menstruation and the onset of symptoms of migraine. Doctors distinguish between menstrual and menstrual migraine. In menstrual migraine, at least 80 percent of the complaints occur within the so-called menstrual window. This begins about three days before the menstrual period begins and ends with her. This form of migraine is extremely difficult to treat. About ten percent of women suffer from it. In menstrual migraine, at least 50 percent of migraine attacks occur in the menstrual window. Of these, about 45 percent of all women are affected.
Migraine: causes and symptoms of menstruation
Generally, the cause of the drop in estrogen and progesterone levels during menstruation can be seen. Scientists suspect that the declining hormone estradiol is a major cause of migraine. The sinking of the hormone leads to a sudden vasodilation. This dilation of the vessels is then noticeable in some women as a pulsating headache. Many women are also much more sensitive to stress factors due to hormonal fluctuations before menstruation, so this can also lead to migraine attacks. The remaining 45 percent fail to connect the female cycle with known symptoms of migraine, leaving one unaware that hormones alone are responsible for migraine in women.
Therapy of migraine in menstruation
Since, according to scientific findings, the sensation of pain was caused by hormone fluctuations, doctors have often used hormonal forms of therapy to alleviate the discomfort of their patients. But these complaints of migraine could only be postponed. Meanwhile, various approaches and drugs for the treatment of migraine are available. If the affected woman not only suffers from headaches, but also nausea and especially vomiting, the active ingredients metoclopramide or domperidone are used as the basis for the prescription of other drugs. They provide an activation of the stomach and intestine activity and thus reduce nausea and vomiting.
Migraines: Different types of headaches
Headache is divided into mild, moderate and severe attacks. The German Migraine and Headache Society (DMKG) recommends early intake of paracetamol. The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen may also be considered for the treatment. For moderate and severe migraine attacks, the intake of so-called triptans is recommended. These are agents that specifically target acute attacks of migraine. In addition, they also relieve other symptoms of migraines such as nausea and vomiting. Because in most cases migraines are triggered by several factors, further measures in addition to a drug treatment prove to be effective. These include above all a healthy lifestyle with sufficient sleep and relaxation. A regular daily routine with fixed times for meals and activities as well as fixed sleep times can alleviate attacks of migraine attacks, as stress, rush and sudden changes are considered to be the cause of the seizures. It is also helpful to refrain from certain foods that are said to have a negative effect on migraine. These include red wine, cheese and chocolate. In any case, always seek medical advice to treat migraines.