Even if watermelons weigh up to 15 kilograms and sugar melons weigh up to four kilograms, their consumption is not noticeable in excess pounds on the stomach or hips. Because melons have a water content of about 90 percent and deliver hardly any calories. 100 grams of melon have a calorific value of about 32 to 35 kilocalories. By comparison, the same amount of bananas contains more than twice as much.
Melons - more than 500 varieties
While there are not many vitamins in watermelons, the content of vitamin C, beta-carotene and minerals such as calcium and potassium can be seen in sugar melons.
The sugar melons are more than 500 varieties, which are roughly divided into three groups: Honeydew melons are those with a smooth shell. They are the biggest and heaviest sugar melons. The nets are characterized by their network structure on the shell. Particularly popular representatives are the pineapple melon or the sweet Galiamelone.
The smallest melons are the particularly aromatic cantaloupe melons. Her name refers to her first growing place near Rome. These almost round fruits have a smooth, ribbed or wart-like shell.
Melons - cucurbits of the big kind
From a botanical point of view, melons such as cucumbers and zucchini are part of the cucurbitaceae family and thus count as fruit vegetables. Watermelons are originally from southern Africa, probably from the Kalahari. Even today, the wild forms are valued there as water suppliers.
Over the centuries, the estimated growth of its water and fruit content over Egypt and Persia to Asia. With the Spanish seafarers, water and sugar melons reached the American continent. In the season from May to September Spain, Italy, Greece and Israel supply the German market. Watermelons also come from Hungary to German supermarkets.
Even in winter, nobody has to do without melons. The "Yellow Canary Melon" - commonly known as honeydew melon - is the most famous winter melon. The winter imports come mainly from Central to South American growing areas, mostly from Costa Rica, Mexico or Brazil.
Mature melons - to recognize the pressure and sound
Ripe sweet melons smell pleasantly sweet and yield slightly under pressure at the end of the stem. Ripe watermelons can be recognized by their sound. If a finger is tapped on the skin, a full, deep tone suggests ripe fruit pulp. If it sounds hollow, the fruit is immature or dry.
Since the huge watermelons are too big for many customers, segments are also offered. Those with light red flesh without white stripes or pale center promise a wonderful pleasure. Not quite ripe fruits can ripen at room temperature for a few days, as long as they are still undivided.
Sliced melons and fully matured fruits should be eaten quickly, because they spoil quickly. Melons should not be kept in the fridge for long, because they lose their taste and take on the aroma of other foods.
Enjoyment on hot summer days
Melons are very refreshing on hot summer days, especially when served chilled or served with ice cream. But they are not just a snack or dessert. Try savory options: Diced melon can be prepared with cucumber and a mint and honey vinaigrette as a delicious salad. Refined in vegetable broth with yogurt and herbs, melon also tastes great as a soup.