Diarrhea and vomiting dry up the body very quickly. Especially in infants, young children and older people, there is this danger. Liquid and salts must be replaced quickly, and in large quantities: three to four liters of suitable liquid in adults, slightly less in children.
That's what doctors recommend
Mineral water (with or without low carbon dioxide), various herbal teas (eg chamomile, fennel) and also very diluted fruit juices. Electrolyte solutions from the pharmacy are also suitable. Infants and children are best spiked with the tea portion by portion, otherwise they spit out the laboriously infused liquid too easily.
And what about the food?
If the appetite slowly reappears and the child's belly feels hungry, it may initially be only light "tonics", so grated apples and pureed bananas - also tastes really tasty together -, cooked oatmeal and mashed potatoes, rusk, and later lean cooked meat or a broth, plain or prepared from fresh carrots. Spicy and fat as well as dairy products should be taboo in the first few days, but most of the time, the little patient will feel aversion to it anyway.
Lactobacilli preparations can aid in the healing process and defense in the intestine. The destroyed intestinal flora can be rebuilt. Professor Michael Radke, Chief Physician of the Children's Clinic of the Clinic Ernst von Bergmann in Potsdam and Advisory Board of the Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition e. V. (GPGE) advises parents not to give their sick children medicines "on their own". This should always be done only after consultation with the doctor. Some preparations for diarrhea and vomiting are not suitable especially for children, they can even cause damage on the contrary.
The following symptoms indicate a serious illness that you should consult with your child immediately to the doctor:
- longer than 6 hours thin, watery stool
- Tiredness, apathy
- Fever and vomiting
- sunken fontanelle
- rare blinking
- low urine production
- Child is drinking lazy or refuses the food.
No-one can avoid careful hygiene if a patient with acute gastrointestinal illness is in the house: always wash hands thoroughly with soap under running warm water. Avoid direct contact to stool or vomit, for example by putting on rubber gloves, soiled laundry must be washed with detergent at 60 ° C.