Flour Moths and Co. - Pests in food

Christmas is over and maybe the last cookies have been eaten. Now we can safely shelve the Advent bakery until next year. But who brings out his baking ingredients only during the Christmas season, can experience a crawling surprise. Just nuts, dried fruit and the like are high on the menu of supply pests. Clotted flour and webs are the first signs.

Where do pests in the kitchen come from?

In principle, almost all foods are endangered, only salt, sugar and pure fats are spurned. Baking ingredients, which are rarely used and most of which are in dark corners, provide the pests ideal hiding places, plenty of nutrients and plenty of time to replicate.

Most storage pests are already being purchased, but also open-ended food, leftovers and rarely emptied trash cans attract the uninvited guests. Heated apartments and hot and humid kitchens favor their activities.

Endangerment to health

The pests occurring in baking ingredients mainly cause feeding damage. Remnants of molt, feces, spider threads, hair or dead animals are not only disgusting, they can also cause skin irritation and diseases, respiratory allergies, conjunctivitis and intestinal diseases.

Profiles of some storage pests: flour mite

The flour mite infests most flour, muesli but also dried fruit. The affected products are as if covered by a light layer of dust, become crumbly, smell sweet and taste bitter.

Grain beetle

Both the beetle itself and its larvae feed on grains, nuts, almonds and chocolate. One of the most common pests in the house, which can also nourish packaging. If infested, grain becomes moist and lumpy.

drugstore beetle

Bread beetles are omnivores, which in addition to baked goods, soup cubes, chocolate and pet food, also salt pastries and even chili spice consumed. One of the most common pests in the house, flies very well and penetrates into the apartments. In case of infestation, you can see pin-hole-sized holes in the food.

Flour beetle

Cereal grains infested with rice flour beetles look completely normal from the outside but are hollow inside; also affects nuts and dried fruits. If infested, a musty odor occurs.

flour moth

The caterpillars of the flour moth eat, tense and pollute flour products, but also almonds, nuts, chocolate and dried fruit. In the case of infestation, spiders (spider-web-like threads, which, for example, allow flour to agglomerate, first show up.

Indian meal moth

The caterpillars of the moth live on dried fruit, so raisins, figs and juniper berries. They are also found in nuts, almonds, dried fruit and chocolate. In infestation, feeding damage is visible. The caterpillars form strong webs especially before their pupation.

Already react at the first suspicion

The very first signs should be the reason to thoroughly check all dry supplies. Infested food should be thrown away. In order to prevent the pests from invading again, the infested food can be placed in the oven for one hour at 80 degrees. Only then you give them to the trash.

Prevent pests in food

Check newly purchased products carefully and store in tightly closed containers (screw jars, cans) as well as cool and dry. Keep the pantry or pantries scrupulously clean, wipe them occasionally, then dry them well. Do not use chemical pesticides - except attractant traps - in the immediate vicinity of food. Who does not master the pests so, should hire a professional exterminator.

Trustworthy addresses are available at the German Pest Control Association.

Order information material: Further information in the aid booklet "Vorratsschädlinge" Order no. 78-1075 at the aid-distribution DVG for 1, 00 Euro plus postage and packing against invoice, Tel. 02225 926-146 or -176.

Source: aid info service

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