Massage - massage techniques

The classic massage, also known as Swedish massage, is the most common type of massage. The classic massage is especially used by physiotherapists to treat hardening and tension of the musculature and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The classical massage is divided into five different handles.

5 different massage strokes

  • Effleurage (deletion): This particularly pleasant and relaxing handgrip is mainly used at the beginning of a massage - to distribute the oil - and at the end to rest. About the body to be treated body is thereby painted slowly and with light pressure.
  • Petrissage (kneading): Kneading is mainly used to release existing tension. The skin and the muscles are taken and kneaded between the fingers or the hands. Alternatively, tensions can be solved by so-called walking: The effect is created by pressing the muscles on the underlying bone.
  • Friction (friction): Through small, circular movements directly on the muscle tension and hardening can be solved very well.
  • Tapotement: The tapping is either with the fingers, the flat hand or the hand edge. Through the short, fast movements, especially the circulation of the musculature is promoted.
  • Vibration: During vibration, the fingertips or flat hand are placed on the area to be treated and then vibrated. By vibrating the muscles are relaxed. In this way deeper tissue layers can be reached during the massage.

Sports massage

The sports massage is a supplement to the classic massage. This type of massage will specifically address the needs of the athlete and his problem areas. A sports massage is usually performed more vigorously than a classic massage, since it can be assumed that an athlete is particularly robust. By the stronger massaging, the skin is particularly well supplied with blood.

In professional sports massages are often carried out after hard work to accelerate regeneration. But they can also be used during training to increase the effectiveness of the training. In addition, they can also serve as preparation for a competition: Because the massage loosens the muscles and warms them passively.

Thai massage

In contrast to the classical massage the massage therapist works with the Thai massage not only with the hands, but also with the feet, the knees and the elbows. First and foremost, the different energy lines that permeate our body are processed. By pressure on certain energy points blockages should be solved and the energy flow improved.

The Thai massage has both a direct and an indirect effect: Because the pressure on the energy points not only complaints at the site itself, but also other physical problems are alleviated. These include, for example, headaches, sleep disturbances, constipation and diarrhea and tinnitus.

The Thai massage not only works on the central energy points, but also moves the patient's body passively: it is stretched and stretched to relax the muscles and improve mobility. The exercises are similar to those of yoga.

Hot stone massage

The hot stone massage applies rounded, warmed stones to the area of ​​the body to be treated. Since the heat of the stones can penetrate deeply into the musculature, the hot stones can be used to release particularly stubborn tension. To give the body different stimuli, some hot stone massages also cold stones are launched.

The stones are distributed on the energy centers of the body, these are mainly on the back, stomach or forehead. Up to 40 stones can be placed on the body per massage. Especially small stones can be put between the fingers or the toes.


Reflexology is one of the indirect-action massages and is an alternative method of treatment. The basic assumption of foot reflexology is that certain reflex zones reflect the muscles and organs of our body. By the massage of the reflex zones the complaints at the organs are supposed to be able to be alleviated.

Reflexology is the best known form of reflexology. In addition, there are also reflex zones on the hands, ears, nose and head. The foot reflexology massage specifically applies pressure to specific areas of the foot. Reflective arches should then have a soothing effect on the respective body site. For example, the inside of the foot should be directly connected to the spine and the toes should represent the nose, ears and eyes.

Shiatsu massage

Behind a Shiatsu massage hides a pressure massage: For the term 'Shiatsu' comes from the Japanese and means 'finger pressure'. Shiatsu massages are closely related to acupressure: a Shiatsu massage exerts sustained pressure on specific points. These lie on energy channels, which are believed in traditional Chinese medicine, that they distribute the life energy in the body. The pressure is to release blockages and allow the energy in the body to flow again without obstruction.

A Shiatsu massage is particularly suitable for complaints on the knees or shoulders as well as on the hip and back - but of course also for relaxation. Incidentally, unlike most other types of massage, shiatsu massage is done without the use of oil.

Lomi Lomi Massage (Lomi Lomi Nui)

The Hawaiian Lomi massage - also known as Hawaiian temple massage - is mostly done using hands, elbows and forearms. 'Lomi' means in the national language as much as kneading or squeezing. Traditionally, a Hawaiian prayer is spoken or sung before and after the end of the massage.

Similar to the Thai or Shiatsu massage, the Lomi Lomi massage also assumes that tensions inhibit the flow of energy in the body. These tensions are solved by the massage. A Lomi Lomi massage can be very gentle, but it can also be done more to relieve tension in the depths of the muscles.

Once the tension is released, the energy can flow freely through the body again. The free flow of energy supposedly also the mental space to be expanded and you should be able to separate from negative habits. Thus, the goal of a Lomi Lomi massage is not only in the relaxation of the body, but also in a mental cleansing.

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