Basically, malaria is treated by medication. The various drugs kill the malaria pathogens. Easier forms can be outpatient, a malaria tropica must always be treated inpatient because of the risk of complications. In addition, the treatment of malaria depends on which pathogen is present, whether it has resistance to a drug, how severe the disease is and whether in advance have been taken drugs.
Prevention of malaria
Unfortunately, there is no vaccine against malaria. To protect yourself against the malaria pathogens, you can either take measures to avoid being stung (this is called exposure prophylaxis) or, as a precaution, take medicines that kill the pathogens as soon as they are in your body (chemoprophylaxis). For exposure prophylaxis you can take the following measures:
- Stay in mosquito-proof rooms, which are prepared with fly screens and air conditioning.
- Sleep under mosquito nets impregnated with insecticidal substances (the mosquitoes are nocturnal)!
- Wear mosquito-proof clothing such as long pants, socks, long-sleeved blouses or shirts.
- Use insect repellents (mosquito repellent sprays).
Although chemoprophylaxis does not provide absolute protection against infection, it increases your safety. Which medication you should take depends on your destination, time, duration and style of travel - a rainy-season backpacking trip in the north of Thailand for several weeks is riskier than a short trip to a hotel resort in the south. Check with your doctor and inform yourself at the Robert Koch Institute () or the Hamburg Tropical Institute () with regard to prophylactic recommendations for your travel area. In addition, you can take a "standby" means on vacation, which is a drug that you take immediately if malaria symptoms - then you should see a doctor as soon as possible. In malaria areas, it is hoped that the infected mosquitoes will be displaced by genetically modified forms that are resistant to malaria.