What to do?
For protection against colonization by MRSA, the usual hygiene recommendations for handling food and animals apply. After contact with animals and before and after preparation of raw meat, hands should be thoroughly washed with soap and water. You should also avoid touching animals and raw meat with your mouth.
Which foods are safe?
Basically safe are all heat-treated foods such as pasteurized milk, roasted or cooked meat. However, the food must not be re-contaminated after the heat treatment.
Protective measures in the clinic
If an infection with MRSA is detected in a clinic, the patient is always isolated. For the hospital staff, the hands are to be disinfected after each contact, protective masks and protective gowns are mandatory, because only then can spreading to other patients be prevented. Visitors on the other hand, who are healthy, have nothing to fear, because the transmission is made by contact, more rarely by droplets.
On a leaflet on hospital hygiene in the hospital of the University of Cologne further measures are explained. Thus, the nasal processes of the patients are treated with mupirocin ointment to eliminate the colonization of the nose with MRSA. If the proven MRSA strain is also resistant to mupirocin, hospital hygiene should be contacted immediately. In the specialist terminology of the clinics then further "remedial measures" in collaboration with, among other things, the hospital hygiene are determined.
Treatment of MRSA
There are so-called reserve antibiotics for treatment, which can be used for the treatment of MRSA. Following treatment, smears are taken from both nasal cavities, the perianal region and from all sites where MRSA has previously been detected, as well as from open wounds or abnormally altered areas of the skin on three days.
If all smears are MRSA-free, the patient can be released from isolation. The discharge of a patient home can also be carried out with MRSA proof if the relatives have no risk factors and the family doctor takes over the further care.
MRSA in animals
As far as animal-to-human transmission is concerned, the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) writes that persons who often have contact with pigs because of their job also have a higher risk of MRSA settling in their lair. Disease cases with skin and wound infections or respiratory diseases with animal-derived MRSA have been observed only rarely.
"Pets like dogs and cats are at an increased risk of colonization when they need to be treated at veterinary clinics, and the same factors apply to people in hospitals: where many animals with different illnesses meet, the infection pressure is high - against antibiotics that are commonly used are sensitive to sensitive germs at an advantage and thus can colonize more animals and possibly make them sick. "