Speech Therapy - Speaking

How natural man speaks: language is the main instrument of communication. It also supports perception, thinking and the brain in solving problems. More than 100 muscles and several organs are used when speaking. If children do not learn to speak properly or speech is disturbed in adults by disease, then the speech therapy is used. In fact, one talks about 120 words per minute in a normal conversation. Every word, every sound demands a different coordination and position of the involved muscles and organs. Speaking is a very complex activity that is completed in children between the ages of four and five years. So it's a long way from the first "Dada" of the age to the perfect "beautiful" for five-year-olds.

Learn to speak and to breath

An important organ is the larynx, which is somewhat lower in humans than in other mammals. It consists of cartilage, tendons and muscles. During the first two years of life, however, the larynx is even higher. This allows children to swallow and breathe at the same time. Only the later sinking makes it possible to speak. In parallel, children learn a new breathing technique: the diaphragmatic breathing comes to diaphragmatic breathing, from which then develops the so-called speech breathing. In the case of speech breathing, you need a larger volume of air that is quickly inhaled and slowly exhaled. Breathing, vocalization and pronunciation form the speech process. The whole body works with it - more than 100 muscles work together. Coordination is controlled by the brain. To create a sound you first breath. For speaking, air from the lungs is pushed through the trachea to the larynx, here are the vocal folds. They consist of a pair of narrow muscle bands and are located in the larynx. With light tension of these muscles and simultaneous outflow of air, these muscle bands begin to vibrate. That's the vocalization or phonation. The sound that emerges here receives its sound through the resonance chambers, which are located above the larynx in the throat, mouth and nose area - and through the pronunciation - the articulation.
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