The "classical" language developmental disorders in children include disorders of phonation, ie the pronunciation - the Lispeln, for example, which is considered the mildest speech disorder. Stuttering and other childish speech fluids are also included. Adult language disorders are the loss of the ability to translate words or words into words or / and to be able to conceptualize spoken or written words. There are different forms of speech disorders. However, the most common cause is a circulatory disorder or, more rarely, bleeding in certain brain regions. Speech disorders in adults are caused by diseases such as Parkinson's, stroke, or brain injury. A common symptom of Parkinson's is the so-called dysarthria: indistinct, rather quiet speech. Because in Parkinson's the entire vocal tract is less mobile, the formation of sounds is difficult and leads to a muffled and monotonous articulation. The breathing is irregular. Many Parkinson's suffer from a hurried pace that is getting faster and faster. After a stroke, many patients can no longer speak - aphasia is the name of this "speechlessness", of which there are different types. Typical features may be, for example, word finding disorders, speech comprehension disorders and a disturbed speech flow. In addition, swallowing disorders are common.
What speech therapy does
Since the voice is an important key to improve the speech of people with Parkinson's disease, speech therapists practice, among other things, the volume. Important basic exercises are, for example, a deep inhalation. Then, with the mouth wide open on a medium-pitched A note, make a note as loud, as long and even as possible. To do this, you should press both hands firmly on the armrests or the seat of the chair while holding the sound. Consciously, the patient speaks words like "hello, " "good night, " "goodbye." A lot of reading and awareness help gradually to improve the pronunciation and reassure the patient so that he can actively participate in the communication again. Shortly after a stroke, the first linguistic exercises should begin, and after four to six weeks, the targeted therapy can begin. In almost all neurological rehab clinics, speech therapy is standard and speech therapy is provided automatically. Speech therapists not only examine and treat people with speech, speech and voice disorders, but also swallowing disorders and facial paralysis. Some infants and young children have eating and drinking difficulties or central motor disabilities that are treated with the help of speech therapy.
Speech therapists advise parents on multilingual issues. In Germany, more than 15 million people with a migration background now live in Germany, which means they are growing multilingual. It may happen that a multilingual child initially mixes the different languages. Here, the German Association for Speech Therapy advises parents that they should not switch between different languages in a specific speech situation. "The children are free to choose which language to speak in. They will often choose the language they are more comfortable with at the time, and it is important to enable the children to interact with people who speak the less proficient language to keep them alive, too. " Children who have little contact with the German language at home should definitely visit a day care center. "Children learn best when learning is not considered exhausting, which is why it also helps children who speak multilingual in the most normal way when parents talk and play with them in their normal everyday life, and in no case should they practice with their children important what the kids say, not as much as they say. "