Cancer screening by means of early detection

There are a variety of different malignant tumors. What most of them have in common is that the sooner the cancer is detected, the greater the chances of recovery. In addition, anyone can reduce their individual cancer risk by reducing harmful external factors on the body. It's also important to watch your body and take warning signs seriously.

Risk factors per cancer

The risk of developing cancer varies widely and depends on many factors. Certain forms of cancer are genetically determined and inherited, others often develop in the context of certain diseases. Today, however, it is also known that much of it is influenced by external factors - estimates suggest that more than a quarter of all cancers could be avoided if the harmful environmental conditions were eliminated. The most common risk factors with examples of certain cancers are:

  • Smoking (especially lung cancer)
  • Excessive alcohol consumption (especially cancer of the liver, esophagus, mouth and throat)
  • Unhealthy diet, overweight (eg colon cancer)
  • Too much sunlight without protection (especially skin cancer)
  • Insufficient safety measures at the workplace (eg with chemicals or radiation, eg bladder or kidney cancer, lung cancer)
  • Prolonged use of certain medications (eg blood cancer, liver cancer)
  • Certain viral diseases (eg viral hepatitis with risk of liver cancer, AIDS with risk of lymphoma)

Early detection of cancer

The sooner malignant changes are detected, the higher the likelihood that they will be well treated or even cured. For this reason, medical check-ups are recommended by the legislature, which serve the early detection of common cancers. However, since they cover only a subset of possible cancers, are offered only for certain age groups and only at certain intervals, it is important that each individual observes his body with all regions accurately and regularly. Even minor changes or longer lasting, mild complaints should be taken seriously and presented to a doctor.

At the latest when one of the following warning signs occurs, the doctor's visit may no longer be postponed:

  • Painful or non-painful, visible or palpable lumps, indurations or swelling especially on the neck, chest and testicles, but also on all other body regions, enlarged lymph nodes on the neck or in the groin
  • Unexplained weight loss, loss of appetite
  • Unexplained pain
  • Fatigue, fatigue, loss of performance over a longer period of time
  • Fever, sweats (especially at night)
  • Persistent cough (irritant), persistent hoarseness
  • dysphagia
  • Discomfort when urinating or during ejaculation
  • Bleeding from the mouth, nose, intestines, urethra or chest
  • Changes or problems with bowel movements, long-lasting digestive problems such as abdominal pain, vomiting, belching, heartburn, feelings of fullness or disgust
  • Skin lesions, persistent itching, poorly healing wounds
  • New onset, prolonged headache or new, sudden blurred vision
  • Paralyzes, seizures, speech disorders, personality changes
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