Sometimes knee pain only occurs on the inside or outside of the knee, and pain can be restricted to the front or back. If the pain only occurs at one point in the knee - inside, outside, front or back - this may be a first indication of the underlying cause. What these knee pains mean, read here.
Knee pain on the inside
Knee pain on the inside often indicates damage to the inner meniscus.
In addition, the pain can also be caused by an inflamed bursa. It is also conceivable that the pain is due to tendon damage to one of the knee flexors.
Knee pain on the outside
Knee pain on the outside can also be caused by damaged tendons. However, the most common cause of pain on the outside of the knee is the so-called runner's knee, which affects mainly long distance runners and cyclists. Constant overloading causes sharp pains in the outer knee.
Good running shoes, some warm-up exercises and regular stretching can prevent a runner's knee. If you are already suffering from knee pain, anti-inflammatory ointments and a workout break are recommended.
Knee pain on the front
Pain on the front of the knee is often associated with the kneecap. Patellar tendon overload - also known as patellar tendon syndrome or jumping knee - can trigger pain below the kneecap.
Likewise, an overloading of the kneecap can lead to pain at the front of the knee: The pain is caused by high levels of physical activity or frequent occupational kneeling and usually relaxes after a few days of rest.
The kneecap ensures that the forces are transferred from the thigh to the lower leg. Under certain circumstances, the kneecap may dislocate from its slideway - this is called patellar dislocation. Such an injury is extremely painful: usually the knee can no longer stretch, it comes to a swelling and pain on the front of the knee. If the kneecap often jumps out of its slideway, this usually causes no more pain, but can lead to long-term cartilage damage. Depending on the cause of the discomfort can help with a kneecap dislocation Physiotherapy remedy. In some cases, an OP is necessary to prevent further dislocations.
If, after exercise, there is pain in the anterior region of the knee, plica syndrome may be the cause. This is to be understood as a thickening of the folds of the joint inner skin. These wrinkles can swell or become pinched, causing inflammation in the knee. In addition, the wrinkles can also damage the articular cartilage. In addition to the pain, problems with stretching the joint as well as a creaking or bumping noise when flexing suggest a Plica syndrome. If physiotherapy and protection do not improve the symptoms, the articular fold can be removed by arthroscopy.
Knee pain at the back
If pain occurs at the back of the knee, a Baker's cyst can be the cause. In the process, synovial fluid accumulates in the form of a cyst, causing swelling in the popliteal fossa. In addition, a characteristic feature of such a cyst is that, when fully flexed or stretched, a slight strain pain occurs, often a complete flexion of the knee is not possible at all.
In addition to a Baker's cyst, there are other causes of pain in the back of the knee:
- meniscus damage
- vascular disorders
- Diseases of the bone
- Injuries to the tendons of the knee flexor muscles