Coughs or cold viruses can be particularly well implanted and reproduced in children. Your immune system is not fully developed yet. Up to six colds a year are considered normal. If parents prevent in time, the disease risk for respiratory infections can be significantly reduced. But sometimes that is exhausting and not all measures can be implemented in everyday life. But it's worth working on.
The hand in front of the mouth and nose
When coughing, the viruses and bacteria are literally expelled from the respiratory tract of the infected. Most of the time they end up with the next person and you're already infected.
A simple but effective protection against pathogens is already given when children and of course adults hold their hand over their mouths when coughing and sneezing. This significantly reduces the risk of infection.
For example, parents can lure their children into awarding bonus points. With 10 bonus points a reward can be suspended. This playful behavioral training has two effects: The children make an effort not to squander the viruses in the room, on the other hand they educate each other - with several children.
Do not forget to wash your hands!
The grandmother has said that phrase over and over again. However, what the grandparents knew is now scientifically proven: those who wash their hands frequently are less likely to get sick. To prove this, the American scientist Margaret AK Ryan carried out the "operation cough stop". She urged Navy recruits in the US state of Illinois to wash their hands at least five times a day. She then compared the weekly disease rate with her colleagues before and during the study. The result: The disease risk for respiratory infections was reduced by 45 percent.
Hand washing is therefore an important measure to prevent colds, especially in the wet and cold season, when almost everyone sniffs and coughs.
Again and again you can observe that strangers or acquaintances, for example, in the supermarket or elsewhere, caressing children's cheeks or bend over the stroller and start talking to the little ones. As a result, but also pathogens can be transmitted.
On the one hand, it is nice to admire children, on the other hand, the child's immune system is unnecessarily burdened. Parents do not need to introduce sterile conditions, but in times of high risk of infection, parents should minimize the risk of disease.
Paediatricians recommend that the room temperature in the nursery at bedtime does not exceed 18 degrees Celsius. In addition, the nursery should always be well ventilated before falling asleep. Water evaporation trays in the nursery ensure that the air is not too dry.
During the day, the children should move as much as possible in the fresh air, even in winter. Important: Not the cold itself leads to an infection, but wrong clothing and confrontation with pathogens. The onion principle protects against hypothermia and thus against a weakening of the body's defenses.
Directly on the skin, the child should wear natural fibers, such as cotton or silk. They absorb the sweat better. This is followed by several textile layers, between which there are air chambers that insulate. Well suited are, for example, a cotton undershirt, a not too tight long-sleeved T-shirt, a soft sweater made of natural fibers and a breathable overcoat.
Infants and toddlers should definitely wear a hat. Otherwise, they can cool down very quickly. Generally, however, applies. Do not wear too warm. Otherwise, the body loses the ability to adapt to temperature fluctuations.