Due to the increasing number of children with obesity, concentration, hyperactivity and attention deficits, the question of the influence of parents increasingly comes to the fore. It is about how parents can support an age-appropriate and psychosocial development of their children.
Clear rules and times
In addition to regular, shared meals and regular bedtime, daily physical activity is part of the healthy development of a child. Since excessive TV and computer consumption has a negative impact on children's behavior, they need clear rules from their parents when dealing with TV and PC.
Scientifically proven that too early and more frequent television and computer consumption has a negative impact on mental abilities and thus on school performance.
The Federal Center for Health Education has therefore developed recommendations for parents on television and computer consumption for their children. These are:
- Children under three should not play TV or computer at all.
- Preschoolers between the ages of three and five should not spend more than half an hour a day watching television or the computer.
- For elementary school children, TV or computer time per day is acceptable for up to one hour.
- Children should only watch a certain program once a day. After that the TV is switched off.
- In the morning in front of the nursery or in front of the school, during meals and just before going to sleep TV or computer will be off.
- If a program lasts longer than the agreed time, it should be divided into age-appropriate "portions" using a DVD or VCR.
- Children should by no means sit alone in front of the television and parents should make sure that only the agreed broadcast is watched.
- TVs are not in the nursery.
- Children under the age of ten should not surf the Internet without an adult.
Given the 24-hour offers on television or computer and the fascination that children have with these media, parents often struggle to enforce these rules on their children.
Nevertheless, the Federal Center for Health Education wants to encourage parents to follow the recommendations, even if they can only be gradually adopted into daily education.