Through a booster dose of pertussis, adolescents and adults can protect themselves, and especially their small family members, against whooping cough. The Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) recommends booster cough boosting not only for adolescents aged 9 to 17, but also for all women who want to have children, and those with contact with infants, such as parents, grandparents, relatives, childminders and babysitters.
Vaccination against whooping cough does not last forever
For adults, the booster cough boost since 2007 is recommended. It is combined with vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria.
Because what many do not know: Who was vaccinated against pertussis in his childhood or has gone through the disease is not protected lifelong from a new infection. After a few years, the immune system loses the ability to defend itself against the pathogen. Then you can get infected again. This is also the reason why whooping cough is so common in adulthood.
The Robert Koch Institute counted 2016 with 22, 000 cases unusually many people suffering from whooping cough. This has been the highest level since the start of reporting in 2013. Experts explain the high number, among other things, with Impflücken in many people.
Check vaccination status
Between 1974 and 1991, no vaccine against whooping cough was given in the old federal states. Adolescents and young adults born during this period are therefore rarely vaccinated.
Also, an experienced whooping cough disease offers no lifelong protection. After about four to 20 years you can get infected again. After vaccination, vaccination takes about four to twelve years.
Every third prolonged cough in adolescents and adults is whooping cough. Unvaccinated adolescents should therefore make up their vaccine protection as soon as possible.
An ideal time to ensure adequate vaccination coverage is J1 Youth Health Counseling. The juvenile doctor checks both the vaccination status and the state of health of the adolescent and gets a picture of the entire development.
The youth health counseling service is available to young people between the ages of 12 and 14 at the doctor's trust. The costs for health advice as well as for all recommended vaccinations are borne by the health insurances.
Vaccinations for children and adolescents
Children and adolescents should be vaccinated against the following infectious diseases:
- Diphtheria, Tetanus: Inject vaccinations periodically: In children and adolescents aged 4 to 5 and 9 to 17 years.
- Polio: Booster vaccination at the age of 9 to 17 years.
- Whooping cough: At the age of 9 to 17 years refresh vaccination. Who has never been vaccinated against whooping cough: Primary immunization catch up.
- Hepatitis B: For non-vaccinated adolescents: Make the initial vaccination at the latest on the 18th birthday.
- Measles, mumps, rubella: Children and adolescents who have not been vaccinated twice should definitely make up for this vaccine.
The pertussis vaccine can be given together with the standard vaccination against diphtheria and tetanus (DTP vaccine), if desired also additionally against polio (polio) in the form of a well-tolerated quadruple vaccine. All costs are covered by the health insurance.
Missing vaccinations should be made up. Young people, in particular, have vaccines for the following infectious diseases: hepatitis B, whooping cough and mumps-measles-rubella. The health insurances cover the costs for the recommended vaccinations until the 18th birthday.