Of course you can not keep your kids from accidents around the clock without taking a bit of self-employment and activity. It's about finding the right balance between security and freedom. In any case, prevention is important. To recognize at an early stage, where dangers lurk and to avoid them or to make older children aware of the dangers and to train with them a safe behavior (eg in traffic). To compensate you should give your children a lot of freedom to move, where as little as possible can happen to you.
And if it happened?
In accident situations with children, it is important to react calmly, appropriately and quickly. This includes the knowledge of the targeted implementation of first aid measures, but also the correct assessment of the situation: Can I help alone here? Or is the family doctor necessary? Do I have to call the ambulance or even an ambulance?
First aid in infants and children
Although the control of consciousness, respiration and circulation are basically the same, it is important to consider important differences in the first aid measures, which are mainly due to the abnormal anatomy of children in adults. In infants, this means above all the anatomy of the upper respiratory tract. Infants have a relatively large head and a short neck. The larynx sits higher than in older children and adults and the epiglottis is so high in the throat that it touches the soft palate.
For the first-aid measures, this means: The life-saving grip in children and adults - the head being pulled back into the neck - must not be carried out in a baby, as it can lead to respiratory distress or even respiratory arrest.
- Another special feature of the respiratory tract: The mucous membranes of infants and children swell up much faster than those of adults. In addition, the diameter of the respiratory tract (eg the trachea) is lower. Therefore, in newborns and infants who are "nasal breathers", even a "simple" cold may severely hamper breathing.
- The oxygen consumption of a child is about two to three times higher than in adults. This high consumption is compared to a relatively smaller oxygen reservoir of the lungs (small lungs). Therefore, child emergencies are often caused by respiratory impairment.
- The same applies to the cardiovascular system in children. Since infants and young children have a lower blood volume, even small blood losses can lead to shock. Even burns, massive sweating or "vomiting diarrhea" can cause a so-called volume-loss shock very quickly due to the massive fluid loss.
Infants and children do not react in an emergency situation like adults. If they are too small, for example, they lack the linguistic possibilities to describe exactly what happened. In addition, they often can not accurately pinpoint pain: many different ailments are referred to as abdominal pain - preferably in the umbilical region.
Often, children suffer psychic shock from an accident. They then retreat extremely or shut up, others are very restless and disoriented. It is therefore particularly important to provide peace and security and to explain the first aid measures to the child if possible. Under certain circumstances, it can be helpful to include your favorite cuddly toy in the measures.
Best: Back to school
The first aid course for the driver's license is a long time ago. And as already emphasized, adult measures can not be transferred 1: 1 to children. If parents want to spare their children an emergency situation in which they are perceived by the child to be extremely helpless, a special first aid course can help.