Dropping hair, brittle nails or dry skin: If the thyroid gland is not working properly, the beauty may suffer as well.
Effects of thyroid disorder
"Almost half of all women with a thyroid disorder complain about hair loss, " said Privatdozent Dr. med. Reinhard Finke, doctor of internal medicine and endocrinology. As the Berlin thyroid gland specialist for the Forum Thyroid gland reports, a hypofunction of this important organ can just as often be the cause of skin and hair problems as hyperfunction.
The mini-organ thyroid controls not only the heart, circulation or body temperature, but also the largest organ of the human body, the skin. If the thyroid gets out of balance, it also changes the skin and its "appendages". This term is used by hair and nail experts who both grow "out of the skin".
No stop in the hairstyle
When the hair gets thinner and finer, women first notice that the hairstyle does not hold as they are used to. These signs are often typical of hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism). The excess of thyroid hormone in the blood accelerates many processes in the body at full speed.
In addition to the typical symptoms such as weight loss, nervousness, sweating, fast heart rate and sleep disorders, the hair grows faster. The negative effect for the beauty: They also fall out faster, like the fingernails are thinner, finer and sometimes brittle. The skin is warmer than usual, can be slightly damp or sweaty, itches in many itchy, irritated or reddened.
Therapy of hyperfunction
Anyone who observes such phenomena should have the thyroid examined, because in addition to the cosmetic problems, hyperfunction may pose a serious risk to the whole organism, so that the cause should be found and cured as quickly as possible.
If hyperactivity is treated, some of the medications used may occasionally induce hair loss; However, much more often, the previous thyroid disorder causes the hair to fail over a period of time. Therefore important to know: The more consistent the treatment is applied, the sooner the hair grows again. Finke therefore gives all those affected the expert tip: "Patience is more useful than a premature discontinuation of the necessary drugs."
Dull hair, rough skin
According to Finke, in the case of hypothyroidism, hair loss is even at the top of the most frequent symptoms: "Every second patient is concerned about this". Skin and hair are often dry, rough and non-greasy. The nails can become brittle, as in hyperthyroidism, sometimes longitudinal or lateral grooves occur, or the nail plate flattens off.
As the body is more likely to be "on the back burner", the body temperature also drops: the skin becomes cool and pale, sometimes swollen, especially on the eyelids. Furthermore, constant tiredness, freezing, listlessness or unwanted weight gain with consistent nutrition can give the doctor important information to thoroughly examine the thyroid gland.
Check with the doctor
However, the symptoms of hypothyroidism do not always come to light: this disorder often develops slowly and often remains undetected for a long time. Experts estimate that about one in ten people in the population is affected without knowing it. Since women overall and people over 45 years of age are more affected than others, the thyroid function should occasionally be examined by the doctor without a specific reason in these groups at risk.