Even without an insect venom allergy, an insect bite can be uncomfortable. For allergy sufferers, however, such a sting can be life-threatening. Therefore, it is important to react quickly in an emergency. What is to be done in a sting, how a hyposensitization can help and how you can best protect yourself from an insect bite, is explained below.
What to do after an insect bite?
If you have been stung despite all precautionary measures, the initial rule is: do not panic.
- Remove the sting as quickly as possible, but carefully - preferably with tweezers, if necessary also by scraping.
- Then cool it with ice cubes or cold water.
- Anti-allergic ointments can relieve the itching, even a cut onion, pressed on the stitch, does good service.
- If you have a homeopathic medicine chest, Apis should be the drug of choice.
First measures with known insect poison allergy
If you are aware of an allergy, the following measures apply after a puncture:
- Immediately apply your doctor-prescribed emergency kit.
- Lie on your back, keep your legs up.
- If necessary, contact the emergency physician.
Generally after every - even so little - allergic reaction a doctor should be consulted. But take an escort with you - you could be unconscious!
What to do with known insect venom allergy?
If an allergy has already occurred, the doctor prescribes an emergency kit with which the affected person can react directly on site. It contains mainly a syringe or a spray with adrenaline to combat respiratory and circulatory problems, as well as cortisone and antihistamines.
Many people are not aware of the potential danger of an allergy and do not look for a doctor or late. If you have developed swollen pains after the bite of a wasp, bee or hornet, severe itching has occurred, or you have even developed circulatory problems (weakness, drowsiness, dizziness), nausea, or tightness, you should definitely be on your guard contact an allergologically-minded doctor.
Hyposensitization to insect venom
One established treatment option for a bee or wasp venom allergy is hyposensitization, also referred to as specific immunotherapy (SIT) or allergy vaccination. The doctor will first do an allergy test to find out exactly what the patient is allergic to. In a subsequent consultation it is decided whether hyposensitization is possible.
In this method, the corresponding poison is injected in highly diluted form under slowly increasing dosage under the skin (subcutaneous immunotherapy = SCIT) or - as a newer method - under the tongue dripped (sublingual immunotherapy = SLIT). This stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies against the venom. Thus, the organism reacts with time more insensitive to it.
The aim of the hyposensitization is to reduce the sensitivity of the allergic to insect venom and to ensure the longest possible protection. The therapeutic success in wasp and bee venom allergy is 90%.
11 tips to protect against insect bites
It is best of course, if it does not even come to a trick. These tips will help you to prevent an insect bite:
- Do not make any frantic movements when a bee or wasp approaches, and do not blow the animals.
- Do not walk barefoot in the grass, as bees and wasps like to stay on the ground.
- Protect yourself from insect bites with long-sleeved clothing and pants.
- Be careful with open soda cans - a bee or wasp might have got lost in it. For glasses and cups, there are special essays on the market to avoid this.
- Strongly scented cosmetics attract insects as well as sweat.
- Avoid bright colors and floral patterns on dresses - these attract insects too.
- Sweets should be locked away immediately after eating.
- Always apply insect repellents before going outside.
- Outdoor waste baskets attract bees and wasps.
- Keep windows in your bedroom closed or attach insect screens.
- Be careful when picking fruit, as wasps are often in the vicinity of Fallobst.
Caution should be exercised especially with children. Explain to you, too, what has to be considered when dealing with insects.
As an allergic person, you must always bring your emergency pharmacy in the summer months. You should be sure of its use - get yourself instructed by your doctor. Inform your family, friends and colleagues about your allergy and tell them what to do in an emergency.