Detecting internal belly fat
An increased waist is the externally visible sign of too much inner abdominal fat. Therefore, abdominal girth measurement is considered an easy method to detect excessive internal abdominal fat.
- Up to 75% of this fat content can be determined this way.
- In contrast to the BMI, the abdominal girth measurement provides an insight into the fat distribution and the associated health risks.
In its guidelines, the German Obesity Society recommends regular measurement of the abdominal circumference even at a BMI of more than 25. The abdominal circumference measurement should become the standard for determining the inner abdominal fat in the doctor's offices, but can also be carried out by anyone.
Measure belly circumference
- Standing and with a free upper body.
- Place the measuring tape in the middle between the lower costal arch and the iliac crest.
- Guide the measuring tape in a straight line between the two points around your stomach.
- Read the abdominal circumference in a slightly exhaled state.
Greater than 88 cm circumference in women and 102 cm in men significantly increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. This benchmark, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), is important. Because people with the same weight can be exposed to a different risk for metabolic diseases due to the fat distribution.
Risk factors in the combination pack
Among the causes of metabolic and vascular diseases in addition to too much inner abdominal fat and changes in blood pressure, blood sugar and sooner or later insulin levels have a firm place. These changes can develop independently, but can also be caused by excessive internal abdominal fat.
This eventually becomes a dangerous pool of risk known as the metabolic syndrome when at least three of the following five criteria are met:
|waist circumference||Women over 88 cm, |
Men over 102 cm
|triglycerides||above 150 mg / dl or 1.7 mmol / l|
|HDL cholesterol||Women under 50 mg / dl or 1.30 mmol / l, |
Men below 40 mg / dl or 1.03 mmol / l
|blood sugar||above 110mg / dl or 6.1 mmol / l (fasted)|
|blood pressure||over 130 to 85 mmHg|
Abdominal obesity with excessive internal abdominal fat is the form of obesity in which the likelihood of a metabolic syndrome is greatest. The constellation of risk factors of the metabolic syndrome over many years leads almost unnoticeably to damage to large and small blood vessels, which leads to consequences for the organs supplied. The most common consequences are the coronary arteries (coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, heart attack) and the vessels supplying the brain (stroke).