Which diseases are related to the middle ear?
Diseases of the middle ear make listening harder. In the middle ear, inflammatory changes are the most common - usually in the context of a throat and throat infection that spreads through the ear trumpet.
Especially children often suffer from concomitant otitis media in adults, as they often experience tympanic membrane injury following auditory canal inflammation or careless diving maneuvers.
Typical diseases of the inner ear
Diseases of the inner ear affect the auditory cells and thus the hearing or the equilibrium cells, leading to dizziness, for example. Since hearing is indispensable for speech development, children are particularly careful that hearing disorders do not go undetected. A first hearing test is performed already in the first days of life, hearing loss should be treated in the first 3 years of life.
In middle age hardening of the ossicles and the inner ear is possible - this otosclerosis often affects women and both ears. While hearing is fortunately limited by inflammation, usually only temporarily, the hearing loss usually remains with damage to the inner ear. Once the sensory cells have been destroyed, they can not regenerate.
Age-related wear is normal (senile deafness), most of the high frequencies are affected (whose sensory cells have been activated much more often). Often hearing improves with a hearing aid that is now very small, handy and easy to use. If the blood supply to the auditory cells in the inner ear is interrupted for a short time, an acute hearing loss occurs; Ringing in the ear, on the other hand, can have different causes - it usually remains unclear why the ear noises develop.
Dizziness and balance disorders
Dizziness and other balance disorders indicate either a disorder in the inner ear or a disruption in information processing in the brain - for example, on a fluctuating ship, the location information of the organ of balance from what the eyes report to the brain, so that it can come to motion sickness with nausea,
With increasing age, there is sometimes an increase of otoliths in and on the jelly mass in the organ of equilibrium - dizziness develops even with the slightest movement. The combination of dizziness, ear noises and deafness is caused by too much fluid in the inner ear of Meniere's Disease.
How can I protect and support my ears?
Your eardrum protects the inside of your ears from germs - avoid any actions that could damage your eardrum, such as picking with cotton swabs, frequent stays in the water or sudden massive pressure fluctuations.
If you catch a cold, make sure that it does not spread to your ears via the ear trumpets. Particularly in children, decongestant nose drops help at least once a day - so the middle ear remains ventilated and germs have no chance.
Loud noises damage the sensory cells in the cochlea: in addition to concerts, jet fighters and motorcycles are also sources of noise whose decibel strength puts a great strain on the ear. Avoid these risk factors and test your hearing with an ENT specialist. By the way, noise does not only harm your ears, it also promotes the development of sleep disorders, allergies and other illnesses.