Winter time - cold time. Hardly anyone is spared from the annoying cold and cough. Especially with the first signs of a cold inhalations with herbs or essential oils can relieve the symptoms without side effects. Inhaling, however, can not replace the doctor: For prolonged complaints with high fever and poor general condition, he must decide whether special drugs must be given.
Coughing and sneezing are important
A cold, that's what people say, lasts seven days, with medication for a week. The cold, also known as influenza, usually occurs with cold, coughing, hoarseness, sometimes accompanied by mild fever and joint pain. In the wet and cold season, it is mainly the viruses that multiply at lightning speed - the doctors' offices are full of coughing and sneezing patients.
The cold is triggered by about 200 different viruses. Cough and a "runny" nose are healthy and sensible defense reactions of the body that should not be suppressed. In the nose, for example, viruses colonize the mucous membranes, which swells and produces more fluid that is excreted. When coughing annoying foreign bodies are also "disposed of" together with the mucus. This so-called productive cough must not be dampened under any circumstances.
Which remedies help
Fortunately, some herbs have grown up against some ailments of influenza-like infections and many chronic respiratory diseases. In steam, the volatile substances of the medicinal herbs can be inhaled well through the mouth and nose. Above all, they eliminate the secretion of secretion in the nose, sinuses and bronchi. The effect of water vapor and the effect of added drugs or medicinal plants complement each other.
One uses either an essential oil (peppermint oil, eucalyptus oil, menthol crystals), which is added dropwise to the hot water, or you take a few spoonfuls of the dried herb (eg mint leaves, thyme herb) and pour it over with the hot water. Infants and young children often react with dangerous breathing difficulties to the use of inhalants containing menthol. For these little patients, there are special mild preparations without menthol.
The most important remedies that help with colds as an inhalant include:
- Anise: in bronchitis, expectorant
- Eucalyptus: for all colds, dissolves the mucus, promotes the expectoration, germicidal
- Fennel: in bronchitis and cough, expectorant
- Chamomile: has an anti-inflammatory, germ-killing effect on many ailments
- Peppermint: for colds and headache, as a tea for stomach problems
- Sage: in case of throat catarrh and tonsillitis, germicidal
- Thyme: in bronchitis, wheezing and convulsive cough, dissolves the mucus and disinfected.
Inhale, but right
In the classical method, pour hot water on the herb or drip in the essential oil. Now bend your head over the vessel and inhale alternately through your nose and mouth. This method is more intensive when the head and bowl are covered with a towel. The disadvantages: the vessel falls over and the hot water can cause severe scalding. That's why children should not be inhaled that way. Another disadvantage is that the eyes are exposed to the essential oil. As a result, the mucous membranes of the eyes can be irritated, especially in eucalyptus or peppermint inhalations.
If you use a stable steam inhaler from the pharmacy, the substances can be inhaled through mouth and nose through a mouth and nose mask targeted. As a result, virtually nothing comes of the effective essential oils in the eyes. For inhalation of solid drugs or salts, steam inhalers are not suitable. This requires an electrical inhaler which finely nebulizes the saline or drug for inhalation so that the droplets can be inhaled through a mouthpiece.