In the third check-up of infants, the doctor usually addresses the parents for upcoming vaccinations. The baby is just four to six weeks old right now. A good time to learn about the protection of the little ones, because the first vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, polio, whooping cough, hepatitis B (liver inflammation) and Haemophilus influenzae type B (bacteria causing meningitis) should be given as early as possible.
Vaccination offers sixfold protection
Pediatricians administer the six-fold vaccine from the second month of age onwards. This is in line with the recommendations of the Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO). This expert committee for vaccination issues in Germany recommends using combination vaccines. Those who value it ask the doctor for a vaccine without preservatives. Only four Piekser protect the child against the six mentioned infectious diseases.
But often confuse prejudices and lack of vaccination education parents. For example, mothers ask if breastfeeding is not enough as an immune protection. Here is the so-called "nest protection" the speech, which represents an important support for the child's immune system in the first months of life. He can not replace vaccinations. In any case, the nest protection does not last longer than six to twelve months. In addition, he protects only against some risks, because the mother gives her child only antibodies for diseases against which she is protected. In some diseases, such as whooping cough, no nest protection is given.
Vaccination against infectious diseases important
The greatest possible protection against infectious diseases is especially important for the youngest. The reason: Some diseases are particularly common in infants and toddlers or are just dangerous for them. These include, for example, Haemophilus influenzae type b (short: Hib, cause of meningitis) and whooping cough, which are life-threatening for infants. Thus, the STIKO already provides the ninth week of life as an appointment for the first six-fold vaccination. If the vaccination calendar is adhered to, the pediatrician can carry out the fourth and final vaccination for the primary immunization already at the eleventh month of age.
The success of consistent vaccinations in childhood, for example, show the decline of the corresponding meningitis by more than 90 percent within three years after the introduction of a vaccine against Haemophilus influenzae type b in the United States. A success similar to that achieved in Germany. If infectious diseases occur only rarely - as is the case, for example, with diphtheria or polio - the temptation to neglect immunization is great. But whoever believes that complete vaccine protection is no longer necessary today is careless. Although some infectious diseases have become rare in our country, travelers can bring them back from their holidays.