Every year around 300, 000 people in Germany suffer a heart attack. Thanks to the improved medical care, almost every second infarction is now survived, but rescued persons should not underestimate the risk of a renewed heart attack.
Of particular importance is the correct use of certain medications after a heart attack. It is based on the standard therapy recommended by cardiologists with a beta-blocker, ACE inhibitor, statin preparation and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). In this way, the infarct-damaged heart can be relieved effectively, the pumping power of the heart muscle improves and the physical performance of those affected increases again. In addition, the calcification of the coronary arteries is slowed down in the long term, the risk of clotting of the blood decreases and the risk of a renewed heart attack is reduced significantly: "With the standard drugs available today, the mortality after a heart attack within about two to three years by about 20 to 30 Lower percent ", emphasizes the heart specialist Professor Dr. med. med. Erland Erdmann from the Scientific Advisory Board of the German Heart Foundation.
Treat risk factors
After cardiac infarction, the consistent treatment of risk factors is extremely important.
- For example, if possible, blood pressure should be reduced below 140: 90 mmHg.
- Significantly more stringent than a few years ago today are the recommendations on cholesterol levels. While in heart attack patients a so-called LDL-cholesterol value in the blood of less than 100 mg / dl was aimed at earlier, recent scientific studies show that with LDL values below 70 mg / dl the risk for a renewed infarct even better can be lowered,
- Other risk factors for a new heart attack include: diabetes, cigarette smoking, overweight and lack of exercise.
Regularly to the doctor
In principle, all important risk factors should be monitored regularly by the doctor. Because often a further heart attack can be prevented if health changes are detected early and appropriate countermeasures are taken in good time. Most importantly, as soon as a person with a previous heart attack experiences discomfort, they should consult a doctor immediately and not falsely wait until the next scheduled consultation. This is the only way to avert a possible imminent secondary infarction. In addition, people with a heart attack should, as recommended by the German Heart Foundation, assume as much personal responsibility as possible in dealing with heart disease. Although modern medicine today offers effective therapies, it ultimately depends on each individual to decide whether to use all available options to prevent another heart attack.
Extensive information on the optimal behavior after a heart attack can be affected in the new special issue of the German Heart Foundation "After the heart attack - what's next?" read.