The symptoms of hay fever are known to be by no means limited to a runny or stuffy nose. "More than 60 percent of allergy sufferers complain of both eye and nose complaints, " says Professor Ralph Mösges, University Hospital Cologne. For many years he treats allergy-plagued patients. He has observed that sufferers, although often initially have only symptoms in the nose area. Later, however, they would find that the eyes are equally - if not worse - affected by the allergy. Hay fever patients should therefore not confine themselves to a drug that treats nasal symptoms. Rather, eye problems are also the focus.
Antihistamines in spray / teardrop form
In allergies that directly affect the nose and eyes, such as hay fever, so-called antihistamines in the form of nasal spray and eye drops can be used. Thus, the drugs act directly on the mucous membranes, where the symptoms occur. Due to the short distances, a very good and fast effect is achieved - the symptoms disappear within a few minutes. This dosage form is also particularly gentle, since only very small amounts of active ingredient get into the bloodstream.
Tip eye drops: How to properly drip: Handling with eye drops, is not so easy. The easiest way to do this is in front of the mirror: Pull the lower lid down with your finger and look up. In this position, allow the agent to drip into the lower conjunctival sac. Caution: The tip of the container should not touch the eye or eyelid. Close the eye now. In order for the active ingredient to spread well, gently press on the tear spot with your index finger tip and twist the eye for a while.
Anesthetics for oral use
Oral medications, known as systemic medications, have the advantage that, for example, allergic symptoms of the skin can be alleviated. One of the drawbacks is certainly that some systemic agents, including more advanced preparations of the so-called 2nd generation of antihistamines, can cause some fatigue in the patient.
In addition, systemic agents, tablets must be digested and absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract to enter the bloodstream and to achieve the desired effect on the target organ eye or nose. Therefore, they usually do not work as fast as locally applicable antihistamines.
More quality of life: the right therapy
The fact that the treatment of hay fever has long gone beyond a purely symptomatic therapy, various studies make clear. They prove that the quality of life of hay fever patients is severely limited. "Many pollen allergy sufferers feel extremely ill and depressed, " says Professor Mösges.
His statement: The mental condition is better "enormously", allergy sufferers would be optimally adjusted to a therapy with antihistamines. "Especially after the eye and nasal symptoms have been treated, sufferers report marked improvement in mood".
Conclusion: Adequate allergy therapy not only provides symptom control, but also ensures an improved quality of life for those affected.
Small allergy patients
Not only allergy sufferers fear the spring months - many children also suffer from increased pollen count. Already in the womb, the plant can form an allergy, often promoted by smoking during pregnancy. This usually initially harmless investment of infants can develop with advancing age to animal hair or house dust allergies. When it comes to overt allergies in children, it is often still too late and too unspecific treatment. As a result, valuable treatment time is often given away among the little ones. Parents are not informed in good time about the disease and its treatment options.
Hyposensitization, in which the pathogenic allergen is injected under the skin at regular intervals, is still used too late in children and adolescents. The observations of recent years, however, seem to confirm that hyposensitization works best if the allergy has not been around for long and only a few allergies are treated simultaneously. Thus, this "allergy vaccine" is actually a causal therapy of specialized pediatricians.
Allergies cause an enormous impairment of the quality of life. Especially children are greatly restricted in their outdoor activities: playing and romping in the summer months is hardly possible without the nose running, the eyes itch and the breath hard. In acute hay fever symptoms such as itching and nasal congestion, there are also suitable antihistamines in spray / teardrop form for children.
Take the first symptoms seriously
An untreated allergy means a tremendous impact on the child. The runny nose and streaming eyes complicate the breath and restrict the toddler in his activities a massive. In addition, there is the risk of a change of level with an untreated allergy to asthmatic complaints. The allergy does not grow out over the years, but can get worse.
Therefore, the first symptoms should be taken seriously and treated directly. How important this is, the statistics show: Already every third child at the age of 12 suffers from an allergy, 30% of which is already suffering from an allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis or asthma.