The faster the therapy begins after a heart attack, the better the chances of restoring blood flow in the affected areas and limiting tissue loss. Immediate therapy after a heart attack is also important to keep the complication rate and risk of death low. First measure - even before a therapy: In case of suspected heart attack call the emergency doctor! In the meantime, it may be advisable for the person concerned to sit still with his upper body raised and take one tablet of acetylsalicylic acid (500 mg).
Heart attack: bypass surgery
When transporting to the hospital, the doctor administers oxygen, painkillers and sedatives, followed by therapy and monitoring in the intensive care unit. Usually either a cardiac catheterization is performed (where the affected vessel can be widened directly) or an infusion to dissolve the blood clot is given. Sometimes the heart attack therapy directly performs a bypass surgery; However, this is associated with a high risk in such acute cases.
Myocardial infarction: therapy with drugs
In the next step of treatment after a heart attack, the person concerned receives medication for blood thinning, improvement of the heart function and improvement of the prognosis, which he sometimes has to take continuously after the hospital stay after a heart attack.
Almost always following the hospitalization in the context of heart attack therapy followed by a follow-up treatment, where the person learns to live with his illness. Regular follow-up examinations are indispensable following therapy after a heart attack.