Typical symptoms of heart attack are persistent severe pain especially behind the sternum, which can also radiate into the shoulder blades, arms, neck and jaw or even in the upper abdomen. In the chest is one of the symptoms of a heart attack often also a feeling of pressure with shortness of breath - as if someone had the heart attack sufferers in a "headlock". Other heart attack symptoms include cold sweating and nausea.
Heart attack: symptoms and signs
Heart attack symptoms are often associated with fear of death and confusion in the elderly. There are also other symptoms such as weakness, nausea and paleness on the face. Heart attack symptoms include cold sweats, palpitations and heart stumbling.
People with a CHD use a nitrospray against the symptoms - it is typical that this has little or no effect on a heart attack. Especially in seniors, people with diabetes and women are missing heart attacks often typical symptoms and signs such as the typical chest pain ("mute infarction") - and causes the diagnosis of heart attack is late or misjudged.
Heart attack: diagnosis
For heart attack diagnostics, an ECG is written, which usually shows typical changes, but in some cases can also be inconspicuous in the first few hours. Therefore, this is repeated after six to twelve hours and supplemented by blood tests.
When tissue is killed, certain enzymes are released from the decayed cells, which can be detected at different times (troponin T, cardiac muscle-specific creatine phosphokinase = CK-MB, myoglobin). For this purpose, an ultrasound or X-ray examination of the coronary arteries is performed.