Heart attack - signs and signs

If you suspect a heart attack to delay until an ambulance is called, can have devastating consequences. The earlier the intervention, the greater the patient's chances of survival. Every minute counts. Everything depends on the patient getting to the clinic as soon as possible, where effective procedures can save his life and limit the damage of the infarction. Everyone can learn to recognize the heart attack and react quickly.

Cause 2: Heart attack

Every day about 767 people in Germany suffer a heart attack. That's 280, 000 people a year. Around 49, 000 of the men and women affected die as a result, most of them before they go to hospital.

The reason: many patients are still waiting far too long to call the ambulance; because they first wanted to wait or because they repress the heart attack, because they wanted to disturb anyone out of false consideration and, above all, because they did not interpret the alarm signs correctly. It should always apply: Better to call the ambulance once too much than not at all or too late.

Heart attack: alarm

The most common heart attack symptoms are severe chest pain lasting for more than five minutes that may radiate into the arms, shoulder blades, neck, jaw, upper abdomen. In this case, immediately call the ambulance at 112 or the local emergency number. Further alarm signs:

  • Strong tightness
  • heavy pressure in the chest
  • anxiety

In addition to chest pain, there may be shortness of breath, nausea, and vomiting; in many cases, women may even be alarmed by it. There are also possible signs of unconsciousness, pale, pale complexion and cold sweats.

No flash out of the blue

A heart attack means that a coronary vessel is closed by a clot (blood clot). As a result, part of the heart muscle is cut off from the oxygen supply: hence the pain and nausea.
Two major dangers bring the heart attack with it:

  • The one danger is a life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia, the ventricular fibrillation triggered by the heart attack. The heart stops pumping and cardiovascular arrest occurs. In the ambulance and in the clinic are defibrillators available that can eliminate this cardiac arrhythmia electrically.
  • The other danger that a heart attack brings is the pumping failure of the heart. The longer the heart attack lasts, the more heart muscle tissue is irretrievably lost.

Myocardial infarction: sign under stress

Unexpected and sudden - this is how people experience their heart attack. But many have had complaints before. Signs that have clearly warned of the infarct, but were not taken seriously. A warning signal that precedes the dramatic event of days, weeks, sometimes even months, is the angina (chest tightness). This leads to pain or a feeling of pressure in the chest or only shortness of breath.

The difference to the heart attack is that these signs occur only under load (for example climb stairs, mountain walks, snow sweep) and disappear after a few minutes in peace. For chest pain, even with unexplained gastric or back pain, which only occur under stress, the heart must be thoroughly examined.

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