A healthy lifestyle can significantly reduce the risk of heart attack. Above all, a balanced diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, sufficient exercise in the fresh air and as little stress as possible are important. Vessel killer No. 1: Smoking!
How healthy is my heart?
To the crucial question "How healthy is my heart?" The following short self-test gives you a first answer.
You answered yes to more than five statements? Then you should definitely do more for your health and seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist. To detect present heart disease, a comprehensive medical examination is always necessary.
Control is the best provision for your heart!
Pay attention to your blood pressure, blood lipid levels and blood sugar levels; have them checked regularly by the doctor or pharmacist. These three factors together with weight are the most important factors for the heart - if they are increased, it is called the deadly quartet, which massively increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Blood pressure: One of the most important risk factors is high blood pressure (hypertension). In a healthy adult, blood pressure at rest is 120/80 mm Hg; from 140/90 mm Hg is spoken of hypertension. The heart must then permanently pump blood into the vessels against the excessive pressure. As a result, the oxygen demand of the heart increases, and it can lead to an undersupply, which can lead to a heart attack.
- Cholesterol / blood lipids: Too high a cholesterol level is - in addition to disposition and lack of exercise - determined mainly by the selection and amount of fatty foods. While elevated blood lipid levels do not cause immediate discomfort, they can cause serious health problems in the long term: fat and cholesterol build up on the walls of the blood vessel, narrowing the blood vessels ("plaques") and increasing the risk of arteriosclerosis. Above all, LDL cholesterol plays a major role here.
- Blood sugar: An elevated blood sugar level (diabetes mellitus) also damages the blood vessels and favors the calcification of the coronary arteries. To prevent these and other sequelae, diabetes patients should be mindful of their blood sugar levels. Normal values for fasting blood sugar are values up to 110 mg / dl. Obese people are at an increased risk of developing diabetes.