Herpangina, also called Zahorsky's disease, primarily affects children. Your child or baby has fever and blisters in the mouth, dysphagia, but no bad breath? He is sick and has a stomach ache? Especially in summer and autumn children and babies are affected by this usually harmless virus infection. The disease is described quite well by its name, Herpangina: 2-3 mm large blisters, which look like cold sores, but are located in the back of the throat and thus lead to pain and dysphagia as in tonsillitis (tonsillitis).
Causes: How does Herpangina develop?
Pathogens are Coxsackie A viruses, which are transmitted via drinking water and contaminated food. First they multiply in the throat and gastrointestinal tract and lead to appropriate complaints. Very rarely, they enter the bloodstream in other organs and cause symptoms there. Especially dangerous are inflammations of the meninges or brain.
What symptoms does the infection show?
The symptoms start about two to six days after the infection with a high fever and usually greatly impaired general condition. In the back of the pharynx a velvety feeling develops, caused by the inflammation. The small bubbles burst for a short time and disintegrate into painful ulcers. Besides the difficulty swallowing, nausea and abdominal pain also occur. After one, at the latest two weeks everything is usually over.
Therapy: What you can do?
The doctor will almost always be able to put the suspected diagnosis on the basis of typical symptoms. A causal therapy against Herpangina (Zahorsky disease) does not exist. With some measures, however, can ease the symptoms:
- Avoid sour and spicy.
- It is important to have sufficient fluid intake despite the symptoms - milk or drinking yoghurt, mild broth, soup or porridge, but not juices (because of the fruit acid) are suitable.
- Gargle three times a day with lukewarm sage, chamomile or mallow tea (2 teaspoons of leaves or flowers on 250 ml of water, let draw 5-10 min), helps against the pain and inflammation; Alternative is a mouthwash with essential oils.
- Honey relieves the pain and inhibits the inflammation.
- For severe pain, the doctor may prescribe medications for local anesthetic of the oral mucosa; Also painkillers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen help.