Rosy cheeks, silky smooth skin. That's what we associate with baby skin. The skin of a newborn is three to five times thinner than the skin of an adult. In the first weeks after birth, she is therefore very sensitive to external stress, needs special care and adequate protection. For example, the subcutaneous fatty tissue is not yet fully developed and the temperature regulation by the sweat glands is not sufficient. As a result, babies tend to chill or heat buildup. Only after the first months of life does the skin reach full functionality. Skin problems like milk scab, baby acne and male are not rare. Overall, about two thirds of all babies suffer from dry skin. Skin problems on the face often occur only from the fourth to fifth month, when the first food is fed.
Baby acne, also called acne neonatorum, gets about every fifth baby in the first six weeks after birth. To the ugly pustules, blackheads and pimples little boys tend four times more often than girls. The reason: babies undergo a hormone change after birth, which can also affect the skin. You do not usually have to treat the blemishes. Frequently the pimples disappear after two to four weeks as fast as they came. So that the child can not scratch the itchy acne pimples, you should cut your baby's fingernails.
Milk is better known by the term semolina or Hautgries. These are cysts filled with horn material that form on the excretory ducts of the sebaceous glands of the skin. They arise, as well as the baby acne, by the hormone change that undergoes every baby after his birth. The little white granules have almost every baby under the skin. Milia can proliferate within days and occur not only on the face, but on the entire body. They do not need to be treated, but disappear on their own after a few weeks.
Welding friezes, also known as miliaria or heat pimples, are small, watery blisters on the skin that occur especially after heavy sweating or fever. They are caused by overheating of the skin during heavy sweat flow around the glandular pores and are harmless. Welding friezes are typically found in places where one sweats, on the neck, on the upper body and the arms. Milk scab, also called infant eczema, has nothing to do with a milk allergy. Externally, it resembles overcooked milk on the stove.
Typically, the yellow scaly layer is found on the scalp. Milchschorf disappears by itself during the first year of life. As long as he only affects the scalp, he is usually harmless. If the milk scab pulls into the face - typically also in the eyebrows - you should ask a pediatrician for advice. You should not scrape off the scab. In order to solve the crusts but something, you can massage the scalp with oil.
The stork bite, Naevus flammeus, is a birthmark that many newborns have as a red spot on the back of the head, sometimes on the forehead or eyelid. The epidermis is due to an enlargement of the capillaries (smallest blood vessels). The color changes with the temperature, becomes more intense when aroused (screaming) and increased blood flow. While most stork bites - especially those on the face - disappear within the first year of life, the mark on the back of the head sometimes lasts a lifetime. They are not to be confused with the Blutschwämmchen, which is a benign from the inner layer of the vessels outgoing vessel proliferation.
The Blutschwamm, also called hemangioma, is a very noticeable skin change. About two to three percent of all newborn babies are born with a sponge, even every tenth baby in premature babies. Blood sponges are most common on the head and neck. Blood sponges are benign tumors of the blood vessels that are somewhat sublime and usually do not become cancerous. But they show different growth tendencies: Some blood sponges are slowly getting bigger, others are regressing with time. In babies, they are often present at birth only very slightly, but then emerge increasingly within the first year of life.