The majority of diabetics suffer from skin problems. Mostly the skin is extremely dry, often red, prone to scaling and itching. Cause of these problems with the skin are closely linked with the disease diabetes. Due to the irregular blood sugar level, the water balance in our body loses its balance, which can also affect the skin barrier. Decisive, so that also diabetics can feel well in their skin, is accompanying the medical treatment the right skin care.
Protective function of the skin
Our skin performs important protective functions for our body. Their primary mission is to keep aggressive bacteria and viruses out and prevent them from penetrating the skin. However, if our skin loses its balance, it becomes possible that the permeability of the skin barrier is attacked or even destroyed. Then viruses, bacteria and chemical substances can penetrate unhindered, skin diseases and allergies can be the possible result. Anyone with diabetes should take special care of their skin. Because the skin of a diabetic produces significantly less sweat and sebum than usual. As a result, the skin is kept less supple, which means that the skin is also less protected from external influences. The result is a dry and flaky skin, which in turn can trigger a tormenting itching for the person affected. In addition, diabetes can also damage the nerves and impair the sensation of pain. If, for example, there are pressure points on the feet that go unnoticed, wounds can also form from this. Now a so-called vicious circle can arise. Since the skin of diabetics is poorly supplied with blood, inflammation and injury can only heal badly. This in turn can favor the entry of infectious agents.
Optimal and consistent care
In diabetes, it is important to protect the skin from drying out and to care for it gently. Many dry skin automatically tend to use a rich and creamy cream. But the well-meant care with a fat cream can be exactly the opposite of care. If a rich cream is used, a kind of greasy film lays over the skin. This fatty film compresses the pores and can thus impair the natural respiratory and oxygen exchange function. In cosmetics, two types of emulsions are used. The OW, oil in water emulsion and the WO, water in oil emulsion. The OW emulsion consists of a high water content, fats and oil are very finely dissolved in the water. As a result, OW emulsions provide a lot of moisture, and they also leave no greasy film on the skin. An OW emulsion is recommended for rough skin, with tensions and itching. OW emulsions mainly contain oil and grease in the first phase. Because they have a moisturizing effect, they are often used on particularly dry skin.
Skin cream with urea in diabetes
Especially good for the skin in diabetes is using a moisturizing cream or lotion. Dermatologists and pharmacists recommend creams containing ingredients from skin-related lipid complexes. Substances that are also present in your own skin barrier can lead the skin to the necessary balance and are generally well tolerated. Many products designed specifically for the skin of diabetes contain urea, urea. Urea is known to bind moisture to a great extent and can also relieve itching. A drug combination of urea and lactate has so far proven particularly useful in the care of the skin of diabetics.
Do not strain the skin
In addition to the use of suitable creams, lotions or foams in diabetes, it is also important to protect the skin in general. Short bathing should be an alternative instead of long bathing, because the skin should always be protected against moisture loss and fat loss. During showering and also for facial care mild products are also recommended. The cosmetics used should also be best free of preservatives, perfumes and dyes. After showering or washing it is important that the skin can dry well, especially in skin folds. Due to the remaining wetness, a moist, warm climate of the skin can develop, in which mycoses (bacterial fungi) like to nest.
In addition to a consistent care of the skin in diabetes, you can also do your skin and yourself do something good by drinking plenty of water a day. In diabetes, at least 2 liters of water per day are recommended to provide the body with the right amount of fluid and thus the skin from the inside.