Young parents can not get enough of their offspring. Again and again they look at him, play and talk to him. And that's a good thing, also finds the Munich dermatologist Prof. Dietrich Abeck, because skin diseases are immediately recognizable. At the same time, however, the expert in childhood skin disorders calms down young parents. Not every skin change is an alarm signal that indicates a disease.
The skin has to adapt first
Some skin lesions are merely temporary "adjustment difficulties" of the skin to the changed conditions of life after birth. "The so-called neonatal acne, for example, is due to hormonal changes and not in need of treatment, " explains Abeck. Sometimes rashes are harmless vaccine reactions. However, such "rash" can also be caused by an infection that needs to be treated. An allergic reaction to care products or fed foods is also conceivable. The dermatologist will then look for the triggers and recommend avoiding them in the future.
Show conspicuous skin changes to the dermatologist
- "Uncommon skin symptoms in their baby such as rash, eczema, hemangiomas or conspicuous pigmentation should let the parents clarify the dermatologist, " advises Abeck.
- Reddened, dry or itching, itchy skin may indicate so-called "atopic eczema" - a common diagnosis in infants. "But a special care and early adequate treatment can favorably influence the course of the disease of atopic dermatitis, " emphasizes Abeck.
- Even infants with Blutschwämmchen should necessarily be presented to the dermatologist. The specialist will advise the parents on the possibilities of a professional cryo-or laser treatment.
- Striking pigmentations, especially moles, should also be examined by the newly-baked parents. The dermatologist will clarify whether it is pigmentation disorders or cell proliferation and - if necessary - subsequently check whether the changes persist, increase or heal spontaneously. In the case of birthmarks, the dermatologist carefully explains whether they need to be removed and then determine the right time.
Safety through the doctor's visit
"Especially with skin abnormalities in infancy, it is particularly important that the worried parents get an appointment with the dermatologist at short notice, " emphasizes Abeck. "It is usually sufficient for the experienced specialist to take a quick look at how to correctly classify the skin change." In many cases, the expert can then "all-clear", so that unnecessary examinations and treatments can be avoided.
Dermatologist Tips: Sunscreen - from the beginning!
Excessive UV radiation, especially sunburn, in childhood is a crucial risk factor for future skin cancers.
- Dermatologists therefore warn against too much sun on delicate skin of children.
- Especially with infants and toddlers in the shade!
- Particularly sensitive children's skin must be additionally protected by textiles and sunblock.
- Do not forget the headgear!