Therapy and preventive measures against urethritis
How it is treated depends on the cause. Germs are combated with appropriate antibiotics or fungicides. Indispensable is the co-treatment of the sexual partner in order to avoid a "ping-pong effect" (ie a mutual re-infection). It is advisable to abstain from sexual intercourse until the infection has subsided. Senile urethritis may indicate the presence of estrogen-containing suppositories.
Home remedies for urethritis
Studies have shown that cranberry juice prevents the attachment of germs to the urethral and bladder mucosa. Thus, in patients prone to repeated urinary tract infections, regular drinking of the juice could positively affect the course of the disease.
Other "home remedies" for prevention include emptying the bladder after intercourse, avoiding hypothermia and exaggerated genital hygiene, and delivering more than two liters of fluid daily. However, the effectiveness of these measures has not been reviewed in studies so far.
Use of medicinal plants
In folk medicine, various medicinal plants are used, which can be drunk, for example, as tea, sometimes available as ready-made medicines. Classic medicinal herbs in urethritis are, for example, horsetail, bearberry leaves, birch leaves, nettle, goldenrod, rosehip, toad and juniper. Cantharis is often used in homeopathy.
What are the course and prognosis?
If an infection is treated in time, the prognosis is good. Does the therapy too late or - for example, due to lack of discomfort - not at all, the germs may spread further. Abscesses, infections of the kidneys, the epididymis, the prostate, the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries can occur, as can acute urinary retention. As a result of inflammatory processes, scarring and narrowing of the urethra or gluing of the fallopian tubes and infertility may occur.
Pregnant women can transmit the germs to their child during childbirth, which, in the case of chlamydia and gonococci, can lead to severe conjunctivitis of the newborn. Some germs are also suspected to increase the risk of premature rupture of membranes and miscarriage.