Everyone knows Rosehips. Many have made in their childhood even less pleasant acquaintance with the "itching powder" of the red dogrose fruit. The pretty bright red, sometimes also yellow, orange or brownish fruits develop in autumn from the flower bottoms of the rosehip shrub. Rosehips have a high health value and taste sour-tart. They are used, among other things, as rosehip tea, jam or rosehip marrow. Find out what's in the fruit here.
Vitamin C in rosehips
Rosehips are attributed to various healing effects. A considerable part of this is due to vitamin C, which is found in large quantities in the sour fruits. Depending on the variety, 100 grams of rosehip have 400 to 1, 500 milligrams of vitamin C. Some variants even reach the peak of 5, 000 milligrams.
This makes rosehip very valuable for your health, because Vitamin C:
- strengthens the immune system
- helps with spring tiredness
- prevents colds and relieves them
- has a slightly dehydrating effect
- gently promotes the bowel movement
- forms new immune cells and other body cells
- strengthens the connective tissue
Healthy ingredients in rosehips
In addition to vitamin C, rose hips contain many other ingredients that have a positive effect on your health. This includes:
- fruit acids
- essential oils
- the antioxidants lycopene and flavonoids
- the vitamins provitamin A, vitamins B1 and B2 as well as vitamin E.
- the minerals zinc, copper, sodium, phosphorus, iron, calcium and magnesium
The rosehip cores are also full of healthy polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid), phospholipids and amino acids.
Health effects of rosehips
In herbal medicine, the peels and seeds (nuts) of the fruits are used. Homeopathic products are obtained from fresh petals.
In medicine, among other things, standardized rosehip powder is used. This is made from peels and seeds and relieves painful arthralgia in osteoarthritis so that the patient can move better again. For the anti-inflammatory and analgesic healing effect is a galactolipid responsible, which was discovered by Danish scientists.
The high content of omega-3 fatty acids and carotenoids in the kernels also reduces the skin's moisture loss and sebaceous gland production and can promote wound healing in acne. The silica promotes the formation of new tissue and regenerates the cells.
Tea and jam as a home remedy
Rosehip tea has a laxative, antipyretic and slightly diuretic effect. For that, the depilated seeds can also be prepared as tea. They help with urinary tract diseases, urinary stones and rheumatic complaints. Lycopene, which is present in high concentrations, acts as a radical scavenger and can help to fight tumor cells. In addition, rosehip against bleeding gums and preventative against periodontal disease - here the tea can be used simply as a mouthwash.
In addition, the red fruits have a soothing, stress-reducing effect thanks to the vitamin B1. They inhibit the release of the stress hormone cortisol, which can cause burnout very quickly if there is an increased level of physical or mental stress. Even with loss of appetite, rosehip jam is often recommended.
Rosehips can be prepared in a variety of ways
Who wants to eat the crunchy red fruits raw, will immediately forgive the face. Although they are not poisonous, but extremely acidic because of their high tannin content. In addition, the nutlets (seeds with barb-studded hairs) are best removed beforehand.
The later the rosehips are harvested, the more sugary they are. It is best to eat them only dried or otherwise processed.
After washing, halving and de-coring, rose hips can either be processed into dried fruits or other natural health-promoting products can be made from them. To dry, put the halved rosehip in the sun or at 40 degrees in the oven.
Rosehip jam and rosehip marrow
Rosehip jam is a fruit jam that can be easily made by yourself. One of the many recipes is called, for example, rose hips, apple juice and gelling sugar as ingredients. The jam contains, in contrast to the rosehip marrow still fruit pieces.
Rosehip Mushroom, also known as Rosehip Marrow, is boiled from fresh fruit, which is then passed twice and mixed with fresh lemon juice. The mus tastes very delicious with honey. So it is also better usable for the body. Just one tablespoon of rosehip tag covers the daily requirement of an adult for vitamin C. The lemon juice makes the rosehip marrow last longer.
If the tasty spread is still too sour for you, you can also process the pith with gelling sugar in a 2: 1 ratio. 1 kilogram of fresh rosehips yield 500 grams of rosehip marrow.
Rosehip oil for the skin
Rosehip oil is an aromatic fragrant oil made using the seeds and a base oil. It is generally invigorating, stimulating and at the same time relaxing.
The light-toning oil can be rubbed on dry skin and used to treat itchy skin. It helps to smooth out wrinkles and causes pigmentation marks to fade. Women can also reduce visible stretch marks.
If you choose olive oil as a carrier, the end product is also suitable as a salad oil.
Make rosehip tea yourself
Rosehip tea is a tasty refreshing drink. The tea can be easily done by yourself. Add two heaped teaspoons of dried rosehip peel with 250 milliliters of water and simmer on low heat for five to eight minutes.
You should not be surprised if the tea does not turn red. This is only the case if hibiscus is used additionally. By the way, rosehip tea is also available as core rind, which is drunk for bladder complaints and rheumatism. For him, one uses the thoroughly depilated seeds of rosehip.
Prepare your own rosehip products yourself, but exercise caution always wearing disposable gloves. The seed hairs are namely highly irritating to the skin.
Buy and store rose hips
Rosehip products are available at the organic food store, health food store or a well-stocked supermarket. However, fresh fruits are rarely available. The highest quality rose hips come from the Andean areas of Chile and also Denmark. They have a much higher content of healthy ingredients.
Packaged rosehips can be stored in the fridge for about three days. Even homemade rosehip can be stored in the fridge for a few days. Cooked or frozen, it is even stable for at least a year.
Rosehips grow on one to two meter high shrubs (Rosa canina) and occur only in the northern hemisphere of the globe. Today they are mostly found in Asia and throughout Europe. The plants are mostly wild-growing and love bushes and slopes, where they are lit directly from the sun. They have many delicate pale pink or white flowers that are not filled in contrast to those of the cultivated rose species.
In autumn, the oblong-oval to roundish, usually red fruits appear. Actually, these are fake fruits. The actual fruits are the nutlets inside, which are often referred to as seeds.
If you want to pick wild rose hips, you should harvest them only from shrubs that have not been sprayed and are far away from busy roads. Also, protect your hands with thick gloves against the many thorns. Mature rose hips can be easily removed from the flower and give a little after slight pressure.