If the hair turns slowly, bald spots can be removed by a hair transplant. Nevertheless, one should be aware that you can not restore the hair of youth in a self-hair transplantation. A pronounced bald head surrounded by a smaller hair ring can never be covered by the hair density of an 18-year-old. In addition, you need a lot of patience for a hair transplant, because the newly implanted hair fall out after a short time, before they begin to grow timid. For pathological hair loss a hair transplantation is not advisable because not enough well-developed donor hair roots are available. The transplantation method is especially successful in androgenetic alopecia.
How does a hair transplant work?
In a hair transplant hair from the occipital area are transplanted into the bald areas, z. B. in the receding hairline. Thus, only the existing hairs of the head region are used to replenish the hair in the exposed areas. The donor hair on the back of the head should be very strong and thick and the hair loss should not be too large. Those who naturally have strong, healthy hair roots will get a pretty good result. It becomes more difficult when the donor hair quality is not so good, so very thin and soft hair grows on the back of the head. If possible, healthy and strong hair roots are isolated and redistributed from the neck. Incidentally, another person's hair can not be used for a hair transplant because it would be rejected by the immune system.
Various methods of hair transplantation
A method of hair transplantation is the Hautinselverpflanzung: here in several treatment steps in the occipital area under local anesthesia hairy skin islands are punched out and in appropriately prepared recipient areas in the area of the hairless scalp again planted. Often, on the transplanted hair islands, however, a tuft-shaped hair growth, which looks unnatural.
The most common form of hair transplantation is the mini and micro-graft technique. A micro-graft contains one to two hairs with a diameter of 0.7-0.9 mm, a mini-graft contains three to five hairs with a diameter of 1.0-1.2 mm. Up to 1, 500 of these grafts are used per treatment. With these very small skin islands, it is possible to create a natural hairline in the forehead area, which ensures a slow, rather unobtrusive transition from hairless to hairy skin. Under local anesthesia, a large number of transplants can be used in one session. Multiple treatment steps can be performed sequentially to fill larger hairless regions at a time interval.
Various techniques in hair transplantation
Depending on the technique, tiny slits are cut into the skin during hair transplantation, or small holes are punched or drilled, and in some cases a laser is also used. While slits when growing together can push out the implanted hair again, the wound area is larger in punch holes. When lasering the heat can damage tissue, making it difficult to grow hair. But less blood flows when using a laser. The usually outpatient surgery lasts between two and four hours. After the hair transplantation, it is completely normal for the transplanted hair to fail again. After about three months, however, new hair is produced. If there are no complications, the bare area is overgrown after nine to twelve months.
Cost of a hair transplant
Before a hair transplant, the patient should be advised in detail. First and foremost, it must become clear where the limitations and risks of a hair transplantation are and how high the costs of the surgery are. In most cases, the patient has to pay the costs himself. There are exceptions in the case of consequences of an accident - eg scarring of the scalp, which is usually taken over by the health insurance company.
The cost of a hair transplant is very difficult to estimate as they vary from person to person. Depending on the doctor and clinic, a graft costs between 1 and 3 EUR, so you can quickly get between 3, 000 and 6, 000 EUR or even more. Already for the filling of the receding hairline you have to expect around 2, 000 EUR.