It begins with receding hairline, the forehead gets higher, the hair at the back of the head thinner and thinner. Every second man suffers from more or less severe hair loss. In addition to a vast supply of auspicious but mostly ineffective means there are now also therapeutic approaches that promise success.
Cycle of hair growth
A hair is not a lifelong companion, but only about two to six years hairstyle. At this time it is constantly growing (phase 1), it is growing visibly. And suddenly: stop (2nd phase). The hair treats itself after this strenuous growth phase two to four months rest and then falls out (3rd phase). In this natural way one loses 80 to 100 hair daily.
In the same hair root, a new hair forms and penetrates through the scalp. But what if this natural hair cycle is disturbed and your hair gets thinner and less?
Hereditary hair loss
If the hair is especially light on the forehead or the head, it is the disposition of the matter; the parents have practically put the tendency to hair loss into the cradle. The male sex hormones (androgens) play a crucial role in men's hair loss.
It is now known that hereditary hair loss is caused by an inherited sensitivity of the hair roots in certain areas of the scalp to a degradation product of testosterone (dihydrotestosterone). Modern therapeutic approaches are based here, such as the active ingredient alfatradiol, which inhibits the degradation of testosterone on the scalp.
In the case of hereditary hair loss, the hair bulb reacts like a mimosa on the body's own hair growth controlling hormones. And indeed there are in the hair roots of the affected areas particularly many receptors for hair growth damaging dihydrotestosterone. In addition, the enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone is particularly active here.
Both factors cause the hair to become shorter and thinner. Finally, only very fine and short hair grow. This type of hair loss is called hereditary hair loss (also hormonal hair loss) or called Alopezia androgenetica. Typical of the man is the receding hairline with the receding hairline.
Diffuse hair loss
Is the hair loss distributed over the entire scalp and not specifically localized? Then the medicine speaks of diffuse hair loss. Although the hair bulb is intact, it is not adequately supplied with nutrients such as amino acids (such as cystine) and B-group vitamins via the bloodstream.
This has consequences: the hair bulb stops at some point its activity. The life of the hair is shortened, it precipitates prematurely. Increased hair loss is the result. This is in need of treatment if more than 100 hairs regularly fail on a daily basis. There are over-the-counter medicines for diffuse alopecia in the pharmacy that supply the hair root with sulfur-containing amino acids and B vitamins.
Circular hair loss
Another form of hair loss is the circular hair loss, also called alopecia areata. This particular form of hair loss is characterized by circumscribed, sharply demarcated bald spots of different sizes. Alopecia areata is an inflammatory, usually reversible hair loss. The cause is unknown. Immunological (the body's defense mechanism) probably plays a role in disease development. Genetic factors also seem to be important, as in about 25 percent of cases, the disease occurs familial.
The therapy of circular hair loss is essential in the hands of a doctor. On the website of the association Alopecia areata you will find a list of doctors who have experience in the treatment of alopecia areata. A list of doctors who have experience in the treatment of Alopecia Areata can help you find a doctor.
Numbers around the hair
- Number of hairs: about 100, 000
- monthly hair growth: 1 centimeter
- Total daily hair production: 30 meters
- Life span of hair: two to six years
- daily hair loss: 80 to 100
Did you know, that:
- Men hair grows faster than women's hair
- the hair grows faster in warm weather
- Hair grows slower in age
- cutting or shaving does not affect hair growth
- Men's hair is denser than women's hair
- to decrease the hair color and the number of hair in old age.