The three citrus fruits grapefruit, grapefruit and pomelo are closely related and therefore have some similar properties: the three fruits share their high vitamin C but low calorie content and their slightly bitter taste. This makes the citrus fruits not only in the summer to a delicious and healthy refreshment. However, when grapefruit, grapefruit or pomelos are taken together with certain medications, interactions may occur.
The grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) is the fruit of the grapefruit tree, which occurs in almost all subtropical countries. It is the result of a cross between orange (Citrus aurantium) and grapefruit (Citrus maxima). The result of the crossing of grapefruit and grapefruit is again referred to as pomelo. While grapefruits are usually available all year round, grapefruit are relatively hard to come by in Germany.
Often the term grapefruit is also mistakenly used for a grapefruit. If you have managed to grab a grapefruit in the supermarket, you can easily store them at home: At room temperature, the exotic fruits last up to three months. Grapefruit can also be kept for a long time, and when chilled they are still edible two months after purchase.
The peel of grapefruit is yellow, the color of the pulp can vary from a bright yellow to a dark red. The pulp of grapefruit is divided into different segments and usually has a bitter taste. The redder the pulp, the sweeter the fruit.
Like grapefruit, grapefruit have a sweet and sour taste, and sometimes they can taste bitter. Incidentally, grapefruit are considered the largest of all citrus fruits: they can reach a diameter of up to 30 centimeters and a weight of up to six kilograms.
Grapefruit and Grapefruit: Real Vitamin C Bombs
Like many other citrus fruits, grapefruits have few calories (kcal). An average of 100 grams contains between 38 and 50 calories. The low calorie content of grapefruit is due to the fact that it consists mostly of water.
In addition to the large amount of water, 100 grams of grapefruit contain 8 grams of sugar, 0.2 grams of fat and various vitamins and minerals. Grapefruit mainly contains vitamin C in vitamins. 100 grams already cover the daily requirement for vitamin C by 59 percent. In addition, the grapefruit also contains vitamin A, B1, B2 and B6 and the minerals potassium, calcium and magnesium.
Even grapefruit have few calories, 100 grams contain just 42 calories. Like the grapefruit, the grapefruit is particularly rich in vitamin C, up to 45mg of vitamin C are contained in 100 grams of grapefruit. In addition, a grapefruit consists of the following ingredients: 89.5 percent water, 9.4 percent carbohydrates, 0.6 percent proteins and 0.5 percent fat.
Health promoting effect
The grapefruit is probably one of the healthiest fruits ever, because their ingredients have a positive effect on our body in many ways. For example, the bitter substance naringin, which is contained in grapefruit, grapefruit and pomelos, breaks down cholesterol. In addition, the bitter substances of grapefruit stimulate digestion, especially fat digestion.
The improved digestion is due to the fact that the bitter taste of grapefruit stimulates the production of gastric juice. As the onset of digestion decreases the hunger, the bitter substances also ensure an improved satiety. This makes the grapefruit suitable for dieting as well, but it should not be eaten in too large quantities. In addition, naringin improves insulin sensitivity and, as it has a positive effect on blood sugar, can prevent diabetes mellitus.
In addition to the pulp of grapefruit and its seeds is said to have a healing effect: Whether a grapefruit seed extract but actually has the promised effect, among other things, it should have an antibacterial effect, is controversial among experts.
Beware of risks and side effects
Despite or perhaps because of the many positive effects of grapefruit and grapefruit but also caution is required. Because the decomposition product of the bitter substance naringin, naringenin, together with bergamotine, another ingredient of grapefruit, in the body lead to significant problems: Together, both ensure that an enzyme in the liver is blocked and thereby certain drugs are degraded worse.
This can increase the concentration of the affected drugs in the blood after eating grapefruit and their effects and side effects may increase. You should be careful especially with heart medicines as well as cholesterol lowering agents. Antihypertensive agents are also dangerous because the blood pressure can drop much more than desired. Furthermore, antidepressants as well as potency, cancer and asthma drugs are affected by an interaction with the ingredients of grapefruit.
As a general rule, one should definitely avoid taking medications of all kinds with grapefruit juice. The same applies to the consumption of grapefruit and pomelos.
Recipes with grapefruit and grapefruit
Who loves the bitter taste of grapefruit, can eat the fruit directly. If you like it a little sweeter, halve the grapefruit, sprinkle the two halves with sugar and then spoon. In addition, the grapefruit can also be used in dessert or in salads. However, the majority of grapefruit is used in juice production.
Even the grapefruit can be eaten raw or processed into juice. Also in the salad together with chicken, greens, apple and egg the grapefruit is doing well. Who wants to conjure a delicious dessert, the grapefruit can also use in fruit salad. Here it is particularly good with oranges, tangerines, apples and pears and blue grapes. If you like it more exotic, you can add figs, dates, walnut kernels or pistachios, depending on your preferences.