Medicines are offered in many different forms. The different forms and compositions of medicines go back to the different agents used in the medicines.
Varied selection in pharmacies
In addition to various tablet forms, ointments and drops, the following so-called dosage forms are offered in the pharmacies:
- Granules consist of small granules in which the active ingredient and excipients are incorporated. They can be taken pure or dissolved in water, depending on the type.
- Syrup is a concentrated aqueous sugar solution that acts as a carrier for the active ingredients. It is usually - unlike fruit syrup - not diluted when ingested.
- Suspensions are liquid. They contain non-soluble substances that settle on the bottom of the bottle. Therefore, suspensions must be shaken before each use to distribute the active ingredients evenly. They are applied internally or externally.
- Suppositories are cylindrical or torpedo-shaped so they can be more easily inserted into the rectum or vagina. Their basic substance is a hard fat that dissolves at body temperature and thus releases the active ingredient. Suppositories should preferably be inserted with the tip of the head empty. Because suppositories dissolve at body temperature, they must always be kept cool and dry.
- Teas are made from dried and mostly crushed plant constituents, which are doused with hot water.
Tees with medicinal ingredients
The medically important active ingredients dissolve in hot water from the plant components. Most teas are drunk hot, but there are exceptions.
For example, marshmallow root tea is prepared with cold water and extracted with frequent stirring for 1 to 2 hours. After straining, the tea is slightly warmed and drunk. The slimy components of the two plants are particularly well suited to calm a rough and attacked throat.
Bearberry leaf tea for cystitis is also prepared with cold water. Bearberry leaves contain many tannins that would dissolve in the warm water and could stress the stomach. In case of a sensitive stomach, it is recommended to use the cold preparation of the tea, which should then be boiled up to kill bacteria before drinking.
The gentian root is poured with about 150 ml of boiling water and strained after 5 to 10 minutes. The drug can also be cold and boiled briefly. For appetite stimulation half an hour before meals, for digestive problems after meals drink a cup of cold or moderately warm tea.
The right teas and all other medications to relieve your symptoms can be found in the pharmacy. Ask for it. Your pharmacy will be friendly and competent advice.