Many physical conditions and illnesses cause us no complaints for a long time. Too little exercise in everyday life is initially comfortable, because obesity, high blood pressure, increased blood lipid levels and blood sugar levels do not hurt. The bill for this we usually get in the old age, if it comes to sequelae. Below we introduce you to some typical diseases that arise due to unhealthy lifestyle.
Diabetes mellitus in old age
It is estimated that approximately four million people in Germany suffer from diabetes. Almost 90 percent suffer from so-called type 2 diabetes. This becomes more common with increasing age and is favored by overweight and lack of exercise.
Endangered persons can reduce their risk already by a moderate weight reduction, a low-fat and high-fiber diet as well as a moderate exercise program.
Among other things, diabetes can lead to functional impairment of the eyes and kidneys. Diabetic foot, wound healing disorders, and even limb loss are also sequelae.
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death
Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death in men and women in Germany. They are favored by:
- elevated blood lipid levels
- high blood pressure
This leads to a calcification of the arteries (arteriosclerosis) and thus to an increased risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.
Studies show that the mortality rate after an infarction or stroke has dropped significantly. The long-term consequences, however, can be extremely stressful for those affected. Stroke, for example, is the most common cause of long-term care due to its long-term neurological effects.
Musculoskeletal disorders represent a major health problem. Musculoskeletal disorders show increasing case numbers as well as prolonged inability to work as they grow older. Chronic back pain, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are widespread diseases.
For example, it is estimated that four to seven million people in Germany are affected by osteoporosis. In particular, postmenopausal women are at high risk of developing osteoporosis.
Existing osteoporosis is often symptom-free over a long period of time. Only at an advanced stage can osteoporosis lead to bone fractures. These often occur in the context of everyday burdens. As a result, it often comes in the case of very old people to a loss of independence and not infrequently to complete immobility and long-term care.