Burning tongue (glossodynia)
About two to three percent of Germans suffer from tongue burns every now and then. Women are especially affected during menopause. In some, the symptoms occur permanently, in others only sporadically. Burning usually manifests itself mainly on the sides and at the tip of the tongue. In addition to the pain, there are often other symptoms such as dry mouth, taste disorders and a furry feeling in the mouth.
Causes of a burning tongue
Behind the burning sensation on the tongue can hide various causes. These include primarily diseases or disorders in the oral cavity or on the teeth, for example:
- oral mucosal inflammation
- badly fitting dentures
Likewise, a contact or a food allergy and a fungal attack can cause the discomfort.
In addition, it is also possible that the burning sensation on the tongue caused by internal diseases or diseases of the nervous system. Possible causes include among others:
- thyroid disease
- Diseases of the digestive system
- multiple sclerosis
Likewise, an iron deficiency and a vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to a burning tongue. In addition, mental causes are also conceivable.
When the tongue is inflamed, various symptoms usually appear together: the tongue is swollen, reddened, it hurts and is often covered with blisters. Cause of a tongue inflammation are similar to the tongue burning often local irritation - for example by tooth edges. But also vitamin and iron deficiency, diabetes or liver disease can lead to an inflamed tongue. To relieve the first symptoms, gargling with chamomile or sage tea is recommended.
If there are benign inflammatory changes in the surface structure on the tongue, this is referred to as a map tongue. Maple-like changes are formed on the tongue: red spots appear, bordered by a whitish border. Partly a map tongue appears without further symptoms, but often burning pain is also noticeable.
At the same time there is often a fold tongue, which is characterized by deep indentations on the tongue.
If the tongue suddenly swells strongly, quick action is required. For then often an allergic reaction, which can have life-threatening consequences, is the cause. In such a case, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible.
If the tongue is swollen, especially on the edges, and if dental impressions are produced on the sides, this may indicate, among other things, a disease of the liver or an underactive thyroid gland. In addition, the swelling can also be triggered by a disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Again, it is recommended to have the cause clarified by a doctor.
Bubbles and pimples on the tongue
If small blisters form on the tongue, these are often aphthae. Aphthous ulcers cause inflammation in the mucous membrane, which usually disappears on its own after a few days. They have a milky color and are surrounded by a reddish border. To alleviate the symptoms, analgesic creams and disinfectant solutions are suitable.
In addition, small blisters or pimples on the tongue but can also provide an indication of gastrointestinal problems, allergies and a weakened immune system. If the symptoms persist longer, you should consult a doctor for safety's sake.
Clean the tongue
If your tongue tends to be heavily occupied, you should clean it regularly. Naturally, solid foods can help to rub away leftover food and old cells on the tongue. In addition, you can also clean your tongue with a particularly soft toothbrush or a special tongue scraper. Always make sure to clean the tongue from back to front.