Accidents are the number one killer of children and adolescents. More than half of all deadly accidents occur in the leisure time, at sports, at home or at school. A report has now shown that on the one hand high physical activity is accompanied by a risk of accidents, on the other hand, however, motor experiences are fundamental for accident prevention. In other words, the more physically experienced the child, the less likely it is to endanger the accident. The only problem is that children who do a lot of sports tend to underestimate routine situations and therefore suffer accidents. Awkward children are more likely to be killed in everyday situations.
Accidents during sports: often with "light exercises"
To a certain extent, physical activity is itself an accident risk, which can be determined by the high number of sports accidents, eg in school. Every second sports accident occurs during the ball game. Girls are injured in volleyball, while boys are more likely to play football. Gymnastics and athletics are of less importance.
Contrary to popular belief that accidents occur during difficult or unfamiliar exercises, most children and adolescents say that the accidents did not happen in difficult or unfamiliar exercises, but in light "low-level or very low-level motor skills."
Movement trains the perception
Through movement, the central nervous system receives important impulses necessary for its maturation and differentiation. Children who move a lot improve their motor skills, especially the coordination skills, and develop motor skills. Not only do they gain physical security, they also train their perception - from the sense of touch, the sense of movement and balance, to seeing and hearing. This in turn benefits the healthy motor, but also the mental, emotional and cognitive development.
Especially at the age of seven to twelve years children can achieve decisive motor advances, which enable them to easily learn even complicated movement sequences.
Lack of exercise - a vicious circle
Conversely, this means that children who have no opportunity to physically test and improve have clear deficits. These affect not only their motor skills, but their overall development. Lack of exercise leads to poor posture, circulatory problems, overweight and - not least - to lack of self-confidence. Fearing failure or failure to be teased by other children, these children lose interest in physical activity. "This closes a vicious circle of physical inactivity, motor conspicuousness, failure, withdrawal, avoidance behavior and thus strengthening the deficits, " the experts summarize the problem of motor-conspicuous children together.
This also increases the risk of accidents for these children. They are physically and emotionally more overwhelmed than their peers, avoid sports or games with great momentum and therefore can not realistically assess their own performance. They already start with everyday situations because they simply lack the experience, strength and skill.
Every third child needs motor skills
The development of cities and the emergence of new lifestyles have led, especially in the past 30 years, to the fact that more and more children are motorist conspicuous, according to the authors of the report.
- According to findings of sports educators, more than half of the children and adolescents have postural defects.
- One-third of primary school children show clear weaknesses in overall body coordination and underperform in endurance performances such as a 6-minute run.
- At least one third of all elementary school children, some experts even expect 50 percent, needs targeted motor skills.
- In addition, up to 30 percent of children show conspicuous behavior, about one-fifth is overweight.
Accident children lack self-confidence
In addition to the motor and sensory development deficits, certain personality traits also favor the probability of an accident, scientific studies have shown. In some cases, these characteristics are related to social background. A special role also plays the social climate in the school.
The characteristics of "accident children" include, for example, low self-control and frustration tolerance, disciplined, socially conspicuous behavior and attention deficits. But even low self-confidence combined with the need for risk experiences can increase the risk of accidents. In contrast, children with a positive self-image and a well-developed body feeling hurt much less often. In addition, they often already have a pronounced health awareness.
Accident prevention is necessary and movement plays a central role. Scientific studies have shown that accident numbers could actually be significantly reduced through targeted physical activity promotion in kindergartens and schools. The support must, however, be geared to the respective needs and abilities of the children.
- Children whose motor skills and sensors are underperformed require targeted physical activity promotion.
- It is not the size of the funding programs that matters, but their quality. Educational institutions providing physical activity programs should pay particular attention to creating a safe space. This means that on the one hand, caregivers must ensure that the processes within the group are as free as possible of aggression in order to give the children the opportunity to test and develop their physical abilities. On the other hand, the environment should be designed so that it motivates movement and accident risks can be excluded.
- Although children who already have well-developed motor skills do not need physical activity promotion, they need to learn to recognize potential risks and dangers and to realistically assess their own abilities.