History of sugar

The predilection for sweets is laid in the cradle of humans: even mother's milk tastes sweet. And the tongue has its own area that tastes sweet.


While today's industrially produced sugar is available at any time, sweets used to be an expensive rarity. In antiquity, honey was considered the sweet food of the gods, protecting them from disease and prolonging their lives. The first sugarcane plantations originated in Persia.

The crusades brought the sugar to Europe. Here, however, he became affordable only after the Berlin chemist Sigismund Marggraf discovered in 1747 that sugar could be made from the juice of the beetroot.

Today, about one quarter of sugar is extracted worldwide from sugar beets, about three quarters from sugar cane. Most of the sugar comes on the market as litter sugar. It accounts for around 75 percent of production.

And today?

Today, every German consumes an average of about 36 kilograms of sugar per year. That's about 100 grams per day or about 33 sugar cubes - significantly more than nutrition experts recommend.

It is estimated that 80 percent of the sugar is consumed in hidden form, for example with ready meals, ketchup, chocolate, sweets and ice cream. Even sodas and cola-containing drinks usually contain a lot of sugar. Even a small glass of lemonade (200ml) contains about 24 grams of sugar. That's about eight sugar cubes.

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